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Historic Preservation
 
The future of , courtyard buildings in Beirut
Je fais actuellement une recherche sur les "Hawchs", dans le paysage méditerrannéen, définition, historique et avenir dans les temps modernes, (spécialement à beyrouth)et j'aurai besoin d' info sur de la bibliographie et sur de la cartographie datant de la fin des années 1800 pour des études comparatives de transformations.


[Translation by moderator]
I am currently researching "hawsh" in the Mediterranean, looking at their definition and history as well as their future (especially in Beirut). I will be needing bibliographic references and maps dating from the late 1800s to be able to compare their transformations.
Nina Zeidan
Responses
 
The future of hawsh, courtyard buildings in Beirut
Nina, what does "hawsh" mean in English please? :)
Frank John Snelling
The future of hawsh, courtyard buildings in Beirut
Here are definitions of "hawsh" or "hosh" from Dictionary of Islamic architecture and Islamic Art Network:

"Hosh: The courtyard of a house in Egypt or, in Palestine, used to describe houses built around a courtyard."

"Hawsh: A large open area that could be a courtyard of a house or a cemetery attached to a large religious structure."
Ozgur Basak Alkan
The future of hawsh, courtyard buildings in Beirut
Here is Hawch or Hoch according to my own definition, (born of my research on the site and readings). It is a whole of traditional habitat gathered around an opened space, the function of this space can vary: if it is community the day or private with the presence of the women, the evening after the return of the men it can become semi private and even semi public.

Gathering families resulting from the same geographical environment, Hawch has an identity typonymy of the principal owners.

In contemporary Beirut, peripherals with the downtown area, they are in tensions: ground rent, economic, social ... (one can think of the role of the woman and his accession, more and more in the Arab countries with work ...)
Nina Zeidan
The future of hawsh, courtyard buildings in Beirut
Ozgur, Thank for the meaning of "hawsh". :)))

I would imagine three needs created the traditional `courtyard house`:- (1) Security, (2) privacy and (3) open air living in a hot and often dusty climate.
Frank John Snelling
The future of hawsh, courtyard buildings in Beirut
Thank you for answering, I think that (4) could be:

the woman as center of the home (the Hawch). Because we see in almost all the thesis the correlation between Islamic religion and women in the Hawch.

Do you think this correlation still exists nowadays? I would appreciate your comments.
Nina Zeidan
The future of hawsh, courtyard buildings in Beirut
The courtyard house is found all over the Mediterranean. Traditional Maltese houses are also based around a courtyard from which one enters a number of houses. These used to be occupied by members of an extended family. These houses became unpopular after World War II but nowadays they have become popular again and are being restored as 'prestigious' houses.
David Mallia
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