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Topic for Debate
 
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
For thousands of years people have been creating models to translate and improve their ideas into three dimensional realities. Model making is a logical next step in the thinking process for many ideas. However, Model-Making is a very critical issue in a wide variety of fields as it has the approach to the physical world OR in much defined term the world of reality. In other words, modeling is one of the most important ways during the design process by which any architectural composition can be understood clearly, because the idea that was considered just as lines on a paper turned out to be something physically tangible. This reflects the transition between the architectural imagination as a concept and the construction process as an application phenomenon. Hence, Possessing a wide imagination, being an expert in all the basic criteria of the design principles, and having an extensive knowledge of the characteristics and quality of materials used in construction process, all of which can be employed to feed the topic of my interest area which is “Model-Making as Value-Added Design”. The architectural model isn’t expected to fool anyone into believing that they’re looking at the real thing but it should convince everyone that the design will work, which was approved upon many architects such as Antonio Gaudi, Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid. Based on that, the proposed title of the study initially planned to take a methodological study that investigates the following questions in details:
1- As a designer, do you believe that incorporating 3D modeling into design process would enhance the designer creativity? If YES how / if NO why?
2- In the context of Model-Making:
2.1- Should model making be considered as a major step in the design process? and when it should be placed (from the very beginning of the design process, after the 1st concept is created, OR should be left to the presentation stage only?
2.2- What can the model making add to the design or the designer himself in the context of productivity?
3- In terms of value-added design; How far Model-making/3D modeling would add value to the architectural design?
Hatem Hadia
Responses
 
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hi friends;
What happened !!! It seems that no one interested on the proposed topic !!! please lets just start, it is so crucial for me since it is my phD proposal topic. that is why i tried to share what i have in my mind with you here, and your criticism and comments are highly appreciated and welcomed which certainly should shape and outlined the issue.
Hatem Hadia
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Dear Hatem, an interesting topic, given that "model-making" is not only done in the physical sense (as in Gaudi`s chain models), but also in the abstract such as trying and testing designs mathematically, etc.
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Thank you dear Frank for your concern. yeah you are right model-making could be done not only by the means of physical sense but also by other various means. That's why I left the previous questions opened to every one who may interested in this topic and can add something to discuss. Thus, I would be so pleased if every one just get into the proposed questions and try to answer them accordingly, also if anyone feels that another critical info "like yours" may be considered regarding to the topic in any context please do NOT hesitate to post it here.
with regards
HATEM
Hatem Hadia
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Dear Hatem, I have just printed out your topic (prior to posting), because the narrow format does not allow for an overall view on the screen of what you originally wrote.

For the future, it would help if you could break up the `mass of words` into paragraphs as your text looks like all one sentence.
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hi Hatem Hadia,

This is an interesting topic.
Despite a wasteful of natural resources and time consuming in making architectural models, I could not figure out any disadvantage of making models during a design process.

I think that model-making helps in developing design ideas as well as solving design problem. Even though there are plenty of computer software which allows us to visualize design better, but still scale model provides a better three dimensional spatial perception.

There are many ways to design a building but I would rather say that making model can be one of a fun way to do it.
J Lim
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
dear Frank thanks for informing me about the way i prepared the text, i am really sorry for that. It was my first participation here and because I didn't pay that much attention to the writing format, rather I concentrated on the undertaken topic. by the way, yeah you are right, the reader would get lost when going through the text like that. I'll take it into consideration next time.

Dear J Lim, thank you for your concern. yeah you are right. but you know they still some people think that by the emerging of digital technologies the way we "as a designer" when preparing OR generating our design concept conventionally is become part of the past, and they think that using computer software can replace what can the designer do during the design process. Also, they think that can save much more time and the way we prepare the model traditionally in time consuming. But they forgot that when making the model by the traditional techniques, the relationship between the designer’s senses of compositions, spatial arrangements, raw materials and spaces become much more stronger.

you know, i know several instructors when we discussed to test incorporating model-making at the very beginning of the design process, and they let their students even NOT to start with sketching BUT rather they start with modeling and the result was really amazing. That's why I mentioned at the very beginning of my discussion several architects who started their design process by making models rather than the typical methods.

thank you all for sharing and still expect more response, I think we are going to have a very valuable results. be informed that i'm going to present a new material here related to our discussion, so please keep in touch.
Hatem Hadia
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hatem, I apologise for not sitting down and taking time to read and then answer your topic text yet.
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
hi hatem,
this is a very important topic to discuss.
most of the present architects of my country [Sri Lanka] ignore physical models as mud works. my architecture school face same problem.most of the students use physical model as final presentation tool.i think this thing badly effect the creating good architectural design.i'm doing my M.Sc dissertation on "model making in architecture, Applicability on design and design communication".through my study, model is the most effective design and design communication tool.i think models can use from beginning of the design.architecture is a 3D art and it must developed in 3D form.models help us to think and develop design tangibly.[in our childhood we learn most of the things by touching and building.]
model is the best tool for trial and error. through a physical model we can check the buildability of our design.

i think computer modeling is not a good design tool.we can built very advance forms by CAM but can not feel the spatial relationships.it is a disadvantage. otherwise we cannot see the design at ones.most of the time output may 2D [jpeg].other problem is CAM is not a good developing tool.we cannot change the 3D quickly. but in physical model we can remove unwanted part and develop the design quickly.

your question 2.1 my idea is models can use in every step in Architectural design process.in my design process i always use model as my major design tool and i'm success on that.[making models make me strong feeling about my design]

this topic is very interesting to me to discuss further with you. it is hard to find books related to this topic [model making] in our libraries. so this discussion will also help me to success my dissertation.
p.s : sorry for my English, i'm not good enough in this language. i have many ideas on this topic which i research, but i cant manage it in english :-(
Janaka Gunasena
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hatem, I wonder how many notable architects used models? I know that Gaudi used upside down chain models to work out the natural lines of force for his famous cathedral.
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hatem, How many schools of archtecture either teach or tolerate model-making as a part of the design process?
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
With model making you have to visualize it before you build it, work out how to make it stand up, work out the construction details, chose what materials to use and work out how to put it together.
Something similar to a real building. CAD models do no™t have to work but they are great for looking around the inside and from a users point of view.
David Cardew
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hatem, My apology for a late reply to your original topic statement:-

Reply to your [1] Yes, because neither every problem nor every solution can be catered for either by abstract thinking or 2D drawing.

Reply to your [2:1] Not as a major step in the design process, but certainly as a step to ensure the design is thoroughly explored. Scale-models give a birds eye view of the design allowing for more complexity in the design.

Further reply to your [2:1] Model-making should be used during rather than at the end of the design process to ensure maximum benefit to the designer; presentation models are for other people.

Reply to your [2:2] "Model-making" is a short cut in design process terms because it allows for a brids eye view of the design complexity in 3D and will quickly show up flaws in the design.

Reply to your [3] To recap: Model-making adds value to the design process in both shortening the design process and (b) increasing the potential for design complexity.
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
dear friends; thank you all for all your responses... dear Frank John Snelling thank you once again for your valuable response...but I was expecting anyone of you to mention/consider "design efficiency" when it come to the 3rd question.... do you have anything to add in this context??
Hatem Hadia
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hatem, My answer to your question [3] answers your question about "design efficiency" as "efficency of the design process".

However, the idea of "design efficiency" is not so easy to answer, because the end product of the design process (the design) stands or falls upon its merits as a design and not upon the efficiency or otherwise of the design process.

You may perhaps have meant "design functionality" and not `design effiency`, but similarly, design functionality does not from the functionality of the design process.

In conclusion, model-making is a quick and easy way to check (examine) the validity / efficiency / functionality / etc., of any design. :)))
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hatem, an afterthought, the value of model-making, is the same value as making drawings, diagrams or doodles, both are visual forms of thought which because they bypass language can be understood by most of humanity.

Whereas, with the written word, pictures can only be imagined and so can be ambiguous (unintentionally unclear or may have intentional double meanings) because they depend upon the clarity of the language used.
Frank John Snelling
Model-Making as Value-Added Design
Hello Hatem Hadia,

I am a new member and I’m sorry for my English writing, but I want to contribute with my comment, I am Architect and the scale model is present in many projects at all stages of production, it helps to solve many questions that arise during the evolution of the project. My opinion is that 3D will never replace the scale model, but this is my opinion.
Eric Castaldo
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