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Landscape Architecture
 
The Concept of Paradise in Mughal Gardens of Kashmir
I want every interested person to participate in a heathy debate over this topic and have their personal views and experiences.
Syed Gazanfer
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The Concept of Paradise in Mughal Gardens of Kashmir
Syed, why don't you start us off by offering your perspective. The Archnet digital library offers up 12 publications when searching for the keyword "paradise".
Shiraz Allibhai
The Concept of Paradise in Mughal Gardens of Kashmir
dear participants, Mughals like other great islamic dynasties conceived garden as a paradise on earth. The pardise concept is reflected in Mughal gardens of kashmir also, refering to the Quranic and Biblical versions of paradise like the concept of a charBagh where the four intersecting water channels divide a whole garden or in case of kashmir gardens ,each terrace into four parts evoking the four rivers of paradise mentioned in Quran in sura Muhammad and sura Ar-rehman, and also in book of genesis in Bible.
Syed Gazanfer
The Concept of Paradise in Mughal Gardens of Kashmir
Syed, This is a case of "deja vu" (I have been here before), because I seem to recall posting about Islamic Gardens a year or so ago.

When I visited Spain in the 1980s, I noticed a small pavilion in the gardens of the Alcazar in Seville. This pavilion had a floor made up four squares divided by small water channels and with a fountain at the centre. So I assume this represented the four rivers in paradise.
Frank John Snelling
The Concept of Paradise in Mughal Gardens of Kashmir
john,yes dear you are right,actually the Mughals gardens of kashmir like other Islamic gardens have their origins in Persia and It is probable that the crusaders brought back the idea of paradise garden to France and England, in whose medieval gardens a well or tank was all that remained of the water of life, placed at the center crossing of the paths which divide the paradise garden into its four quarters. A more virile offshoot can be seen in the Moorish gardens of southern spain, which came to perfection at Granada under Arab rule. But, the greatest offshoot of all and the one most closely influenced by Persia herself, was the garden tradition of great Mughals.
Syed Gazanfer
The Concept of Paradise in Mughal Gardens of Kashmir
Syed, thank you, I also remember the "Generalife" (a lovely flower garden) on a hillside near the Alhambra in Granada and the main feature was a long pool and set in the middle and at right angles was a two-storey pavilion.
Frank John Snelling
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