Landscape Architecture
The Muslim tradition of landscape design
I think that the Muslim garden is at the heart of one of the four great traditions of world landscape design: Middle Eastern, Oriental, Renaissance European and Eighteenth-century English.

Do you think that the great symmetrical gardens of Italy and France derived from the Muslim garden?

If you have any examples that contradicts this idea or goes with it please share...

-- Mai Amin, January 24, 2004
The Muslim tradition of landscape design

Dear Mai,

Hello there.


For sure the Muslim tradition gardens had played a great role in shaping the renaissance European gardens, where they influenced on shaping the monastic gardens in North Europe, which became the origin for The Paradise Gardens after this.


A good example for this is The Indian Char Bagh Garden ( illustrated in the photo up ) had been spread every where through the Muslim Civilization between the 8th and 18th century from Asia, North Africa till Spain.


Also in many faculties of architecture and many books you can find at least one or tow comprehensive comparison between Islamic, Asian and Renaissance Gardens so it might be good if you look for this at Library of the Faculty of Engineering - Ain Shams/Cairo/Alex Universities, or look at any bookshop.


Related Topics

Maybe it's not direct but I want you to download and read the following articles from the ArchNet Digital Library:-

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Wishing you all the best,

Good Luck,


-- Hicham Maged, January 26, 2004
The Muslim tradition of landscape design
Lots of work actuallly exists on char-bagh, meaning four gardens. As I happen to have other activities may describe in brief.

In those days, the Muslim faithfull had four important aspects: power/paradise/purity/grief.

The way swastik a movement symbol by Hindus has four qurters, Muslims represented their four importent aspects of the time . The grid system/allocation/use pattern were defined at times to up-lift the soul through landscape.

v.interesting, all the best.
-- Dushyant Nathwani, January 27, 2004
The Muslim tradition of landscape design
Mai, the most significant landscape, or for that matter, archtiecture project in the Muslim world today is near completion in Cairo. Al-Azhar Park will transform Cairo and improve the quality of life for all its residents. If you are interested in landscape archtecture, check out images of the park
-- Shiraz Allibhai, January 28, 2004
The Muslim tradition of landscape design

The great symmetrical gardens of Italy and France don't derive directly from the Muslim garden, but the two of them derive from Achemenid Persian gardens, that influenced Roman gardens and Persian Sassanid gardens. Italians garden were shaped by influencies from Antic Roman gardens and from Islamic Mediterranean gardens, (chiefly Sicilian)


    BROOKS John. Gardens of paradise. New York; New Amsterdam Books, Meredith Press, 1987

    CROWE Sylvia ed. The gardens of Moghul India. London, Thames and Hudson, 1972

    KING Ronald. Les paradis terrestres. Paris; Albin Michel, 1980

    LEHRMAN Jonas. Earthly paradise. London, Thames and Hudson, 1980

    MAC DOUGALL E.; ETTINGHAUSEN R. ed. The Islamic garden. Dumbarton Oaks; Trustees for Harvard University ; Washington (Columbia), 1976

    MOYNIHAN Elizabeth. Paradise as a garden in Persia and Mughal India. New york, Georges Braziller, 1979

    PETRUCCIOLI Attilio ed. Gardens in the time af the Great Muslim empires, theory and design; Brill; Leyden, New-york, Koln,1997

Good luck in your quest.
-- Michele Constans, May 10, 2004
The Muslim tradition of landscape design
Hi Mai,
'Islamic Garden' is the proper name of the term that you mentioned, and not 'Muslim Garden'. I have not researched enough about Renaissance Gardens yet, but in fact the most influential garden of Middle Eastern is "Persian Garden" which has rooted to over 2500 years ago with Zoroastrian beliefs that has preserved after Islam as well. Therefore due to construction in Islamic era, it is sometimes constituted as Islamic garden, but in fact it is about the Islamic period not style. Besides all the symmetrical and geometrical elements belong to Persian Gardens Originally.

-- Morvarid Khorramirad, July 18, 2011


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