The built environment of human settlements effected - in the first place - by the culture of these communities, and what follow this culture from habits, values,& beliefs, the circle of that efficiency become wider and wider and mix with economy, politics, transportation, creating the cities.|
So.., the most effective thing on the city structure as a product of human culture is festivals, may be it will not be nonsense if we assume that we have two cities in the same place (the festival city and the normal city).
do you think there is more than a place affected by the festivals all over the world?
The seven days city|
my example here is MOULED* AL SAIED AL BADAWIE, it happening in Egyptian city called Tanta every year for 7 days, in this festival you will see a temporary city upon the old one built for the visitors of AL SAIED AL BADAWIE tomb and there children, in this new city you will see the entertainment streets upon the old city streets, tents for prayers beside the old city mosque, and tents for the new visitors beside the old city houses. Also you will see the magician and the prayer, some body came for entertainment and another one came to close from the god...
note: mouled is the arabic word for the festival
like play grounds,master plan can allocate space for such activities,in india trade pramotion council has one named pragati maidan at deli capital city as well has plans to incorporate one each at 23 state capitals.world around last centurey had more than 18 expositions worth remenbering,of which one introduced buckminster fuller with his v.innovetive dome structure.
thank you Dushyant Nathwani,|
I will go back to my first example MOULED AL SAIED AL BADAWIE, giving a proof to the theory that assuming we have two cities in the same place.
In the 7 days of al mouled (the festival) you will see the lights decorating the mosque of al saied al badawie and all the streets that linking between the train station and the mosque. If you were in a helicopter you will see a lighting strips linked by a glowing point.
What would be Venice without its Carnival? |
Or Hong Kong without one?
East or West, festivals are the exaltation of the culture residing in a place or an expression of the interests of the people living there.
It is another facet of the life of the city and because of that, a the city becomes a different entity. Without it, we would be like Marcovaldo in Calvino's Seasons in the City, looking for something that would give some meaning for us to live there.
Myths, customs and architecture.
I am completely convinced with your concept of "two cities" in the same place. They may rather be called two parellel cities within same boundaries, and not mutually exclusive completely.
I would discuss the great "Kumbh mela (piture festival) of India in this regard. in Four places all accross India the festival takes places each 12th year...means once in a four year time-span.
Allahabad is one of the places...
IN previous Kumbh there, it wirnessed some 70 MILLION pilgrims within a span of 42 days taking dips in Ganges. Of all these some 30 million people visited the banks of ganges on a single day alone!
What is noticeable is the original population of the town:only one million in total!
How differently the whole infrastructure of the city must be behaving on those peak days!
Certainly, its not only the place that is affected. The economy of the state, the administrative system, The business trends, social values and beliefs, public temperament are among the major aspects affected by the festivals!
in india, i believe, festivals are never regarded as 'periodic affairs'. instead they are representative of 'an enriched way of life', an expression of complexity and diversity of cultures. they should, instead, be more appropriately referred to as 'rituals'. |
now if that be the idea, then it becomes futile to ask for a 'co-existence' of two cities at the same 'place': the so called 'festival city' and the 'normal' city (whatever that meant). traditional indian cities, even now, have a distinct hierarchical order of street spaces: and all of them remain the quintessential ritualistc space what with the hierarchy corressponding with the degree and nature of congregation.
the concept of an esplanade or the grand 'maidan', on the other hand, is a colonial making of a rather different intent: that of reattesting 'distinctness' and more importantly the then much fancied 'distance' of the 'whites' from the 'blacks'. conforming however, to the ever pressing phenomenon of 'taking over' any and every urban space, gradually, these too have been absorbed into and made part of indian urbanity: in the process becoming the most representational urban space in the city, centering and structuring the largeness of the otherwise unfathomable 'urban' imprint. what it does to the city structure is best seen in Calcutta and New Delhi: cities which would have otherwise had a stifling and a 'non-legible' existence.
the 'ritualistic practices' and the 'urban spaces' have always been so inter-twined, that even perceptually, if one were to imagine to seperate the 'festival city' from the other component: the 'normal city'?, it would simply be impossible.
oh yes, culture is but,the pattern of human life and hence is one of the primary building blocks of architecture. |
festivals, the mmost flamboyant expression of any culture thus assumes a great deal of importance.
In indian context,culture and festivals are an intrisinic part of daily life. rituals do not need special occassions but infact evryday , every act is intrsped with one or other form of ritual , say a mini festival. u need not have a sperate temple in the house, a simp,e planter of tulsi, becomes a sacred deity. the numerous niches becomes the small "puja" or the place of worship.
the very gullies transform into the cnetre of hullabo in the event of any bigger occasion.
from ancient times, its the multi use of space, is wht the essence of town planning. whtehr the ghats along rivers, in north india or the halls of south india temple
therefore, the thought of "two cities" may not hold good.
however the modern especially the west influence brought the birth of formal delineation of such festive spaces. like "mela ground".. ram lila ground" .
this may bring relief in terms of traffic and congestion in residential or commercial areas, but thn are they use properly in times apart from festive seasons.
the irony tht these holy and sacred spaces themselves harbinger anti social activities n other times, is a big question!!
especially for a developing country which already fights with the acute shortage of space, can we afford to have altogether separate spaces??