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Theory and Criticism
 
Islamic and Hindu Architectural influences in India
I want to talk about Hinduism and Islamic architecture in India. I am a faculty member of an Iranian University and I am teaching Islamic architecture. I saw India and I found some things similar between Hinduism and Islam in religious places so I want to research it. I will come again to India after July 15. I would be glad to meet anyone there. My email: tahernian@yahoo.com, alitahernian@hotmail.com
Ali Tahernian
Responses
 
Islamic and Hindu Architectural influences in India
The mughal period in India was so long that obviously; the confluence of both the architectural styles will be meeting at some particular point.

An interesting point is that minarets/tombs may have had a lot of influence of Hinduistic architectural styles.
Sameer Noorani
Islamic and Hindu Architectural influences in India
As and when you plan to visit India be in touch with me. My details you can get from ArchNet member profile. Regards.
Dushyant Nathwani
Islamic and Hindu Architectural influences in India
Dear friend Dushyant Nathwani.

Thanks a lot. I got your phone and address. Sure I would be glad to meet you in India. Let's talk more and see you there.
Ali Tahernian
Islamic and Hindu Architectural influences in India
My friend Sameer.

Yes, the Mughals in India and the Abbasi period in Iran are contemporary and have many similar things. But what is between Hinduism and Islam in spaces is that in both you can feel religious places. Architects think about the environment. But what is similar and different between religious buildings in Hinduism and Islam, do you feel that the spaces are the same?
Ali Tahernian
Islamic and Hindu Architectural influences in India
Religious Hindu Architecture and Islamic architecture do have some similarities and certain differences also I would talk of differences. As you know the basic worship pattern is different in both the cultures hence the building type is different. In Hinduism it is a more or less individual prayer, while in Islam it is a collective prayer, the Namaaz, and so the Hindu temple has a Garbha Graha (the inner most cell of the temple, which is dark), and a mosque has a courtyard, for collective gathering.
The difference in the roof of both the buildings (a temple and a mosque) is also quite evident. Roof of temple the Shikhara has dead space created as a result of corbelling or to achieve the height, while in a mosque the roof or the dome contributes to the internal space of the mosque. The temple has a highly articulated plinth; the surface of the wall is filled with intricate design, figures of yaksh and yakshni sculptures , while in a mosque it is a more or less plain straight wall.
Naresh Chhatwani
Islamic and Hindu Architectural influences in India
Hello ,
as cited by many of the fellow contributers, i would say there are similarities as well as differences. yes, the spaces and the treatment of spaces are also different. but regarding the semilarities, what i would say is that it is more to do with cultural adaptation. if you go back in Indian history and analyse, it becomes quite clear that what is good and advantageaous was always embraced by the people of India. comeing back to the islamic and hindu architecture, i substantiate my statement with the example of the very basic element - THE LINTEL - very much Indian and THE TRUE ARCH - an Islamic contribution. there are evn some structures existing even today where you can see both being emploted at the same place.
Monika Pillai
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