Balafrej, Lamia. "Islamic Art and Architecture, 650-1500." Syllabus. Wellesley College, Boston, MA, [date not provided.]
This document is a syllabus reflecting course content developed for "Islamic Art and Architecture, 650-1500," by Dr. Lamia Balafrej of Wellesley College.
The course provides a thematic chronological survey of Islamic art and architecture from their inception around 650 C.E. to the dawn of the modern empires in 1500 C.E. While stylistic and technical studies have often dominated the field of Islamic art, this course, in contrast, explores the social agency of Islamic artifacts. It seeks to bridge Islamic art and social history, in order to uncover the dynamics between things and users or viewers in specific social settings. We will look at the use of early Islamic monuments as stages for religious, political and disciplinary spectacles, at the exchange of portable objects designed as gifts and commodities, at the female patronage of religious buildings, among other things.
Class Topics And Readings
1/ FROM LATE ANTIQUE TO ISLAMIC: THE DOME OF THE ROCK I
Richard Ettinghausen, Oleg Grabar, and Marilyn Jenkins-Madina, Islamic Art and Architecture 650-1250 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001), 2-20.
Oleg Grabar, The Shape of the Holy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996), chapter 1.
2/ ISLAM, ICONOCLASM, IDOLATRY: THE DOME OF THE ROCK II
Finbarr B. Flood, "Christian Mosaics in Jordan and Early Islamic Palestine: A Case of Regional Iconoclasm", and cat. entry no. 79, in Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition, ed. Helen Evans (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012).
Grabar, The Shape of the Holy, 56-65 ("The Inscriptions").
3/ COMMEMORATING THE PROPHET: THE DOME OF THE ROCK III
Amikam Elad, "Why Did 'Abd al-Malik Build the Dome of the Rock?" in Bayt al-Maqdis Part One, ed. Julian Raby and Jeremy Johns (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), 33-38.
Finbarr B. Flood, review of Oleg Grabar, The Dome of the Rock (Cambridge, Mass., 2006), Journal of Palestine Studies 38/4 (2009), 113-15.
Finbarr B. Flood, "Light in Stone: the Commemoration of the Prophet in Umayyad Architecture," in Bayt al-Maqdis Part Two, ed. Jeremy Johns (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 311-59.
Byzantium and Islam, ed. Helen Evans (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012), cat. no. 186, p. 264.
4/ THE GREAT MOSQUE OF DAMASCUS
Finbarr B. Flood, The Great Mosque of Damascus (Boston, Leiden: Brill, 2001), 15-56.
5/ THE AESTHETICS OF WONDER: ABBASID ART AND ARCHITECTURE
Ettinghausen, Grabar and Jenkins-Madina, Islamic Art and Architecture, 51-53.
Guy Le Strange, "A Greek Embassy to Baghdād in 917 A.D.", in The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (Jan., 1897), 35-45.
Matthew D. Saba, "Abbasid Lusterware and the Aesthetics of 'Ajab", Muqarnas 29 (2012).
6/ MONUMENT, ORNAMENT AND MEMORY: SAMARRA
Ettinghausen, Grabar and Jenkins-Madina, Islamic Art and Architecture,, 54-59.
Alastair Northedge, The Historical Topography of Samarra (London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 2005), 247-59.
Muhammad ibn Jarîr al-Tabari, Ta'rîkh al-Rusul wa'l-muluk (Leiden, 1881), III:1230-1. Translated to English by C. E. Bosworth in the History of al-Tabarî, volume XXXIII: Storm and Stress along the Northern Frontiers of the 'Abbâsid Caliphate (Albany, NY, 1991), 85-88.
Julie Scott Meisami, "The Palace-Complex as Emblem. Some Samarran Qaṣīdas," in A Medieval Islamic City Reconsidered: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Samarra, ed. Chase F. Robinson (Oxford, 2001).
7/ THE BLUE QUR'AN
Alain George, "Calligraphy, Colour and Light in the Blue Qur'an." Journal of Qur'anic Studies 11, no. 1 (April 1, 2009), 75-125.
8/ THE UMAYYAD GREAT MOSQUE AT CORDOBA
Jerrilynn D. Dodds, Architecture and ideology in early Medieval Spain (University Park: London, 1990), 94-109. Nuha N. N. Khoury, "The Meaning of the Great Mosque at Cordoba in the Tenth Century," Muqarnas 13 (1996), 80-98.
9/ IVORY PORTABLE OBJECTS FROM CALIPHAL IBERIA
Francisco Prado-Vilar, "Circular Visions of Fertility and Punishment: Caliphal Ivory Caskets from al-Andalus", Muqarnas 14 (1997), 19-41.
10/ CEREMONIAL IN THE CITY: FATIMID CAIRO, 969-1060
Paula Sanders, Ritual, politics, and the city in Fatimid Cairo (Albany, State University of New York Press, 1994), 52-67.
11/ GIFT EXCHANGE AND DIPLOMACY: FATIMID EGYPT AND BYZANTIUM
Jonathan Bloom, "Fatimid Gifts," in Gifts of the Sultan: the arts of giving at the Islamic courts, ed. Linda Komaroff (Los Angeles: LACMA, 2011), 95-110.
Avinoam Shalem, "Performance of the object," in Gifts of the Sultan,111-113.
12/ SAMANID CERAMICS AND LITERARY CULTURE
Oya Pancaroglu, "Serving Wisdom: The Contents of Samanid Epigraphic Pottery," in Studies in Indian and Islamic Art, ed. Rochelle L. Kessler (Harvard University Art Museums, 2002), 59-68.
13/ THE GREAT SELJUKS OF IRAN: THE GREAT MOSQUE AT ISFAHAN
Oleg Grabar, The Great Mosque of Isfahan (London: Tauris, 1990), 43-60.
14/ NARRATIVE REPRESENTATIONS ON IRANIAN SELJUK CERAMICS, 12TH-13TH CENT
Renata Holod, "Event and Memory: The Freer Gallery's Siege Scene Plate," Ars Orientalis 42 (2012), 194–219.
15/ THE ARTS OF THE ARABIC BOOK: "THE ASSEMBLIES" (MAQAMAT)
Alain George, "Orality, Writing and the Image in the Maqamat: Arabic Illustrated Books in Context." Art History 35, no. 1 (2012), 10-37.
Sheila Blair and Jonathan Bloom, The Art and Architecture of Islam 1250-1800 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994), 5-10, 24-25.
David James, Qur'ans of the Mamluks (London: Alexandria, Thames and Hudson, 1988), 76-108, 111-126, cat. no. 40, 42, 45.
17/ ILKHANID VISUAL CULTURE, BETWEEN CHINA AND IRAN
The Legacy of Genghis Khan, ed. Linda Komaroff and Stefani Carboni, 2002, pp. 168-195, 150-167.
18/ TIMUR: BETWEEN PORTABLE AND PERMANENT ARCHITECTURE
Blair and Bloom, The Art and Architecture of Islam 1250-1800, 55-57.
Thomas Lentz and Glenn D. Lowry, Timur and the Princely Vision (Los Angeles: LACMA, 1989) chap. 1.
David J. Roxburgh, "Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo's Narrative of Courtly Life and Ceremony in Timur's Samarqand, 1404," in The Book of Travels: Genre, Ethnology, and Pilgrimage, 1250-1700, ed. Palmira Brummett (Leiden: Brill, 2009), 113-58.
19/ GENDER AND DEVOTION: THE FEMALE PATRONAGE OF RELIGIOUS ART AND ARCHITECTURE (1340-1500)
David James, Qur'ans of the Mamluks (London: Alexandria, Thames and Hudson, 1988), 162-164, cat. no. 69, fig. 115 and 116.
Roya Marefat, "Timurid Women: Patronage and Power", Asian Art 6, no. 2 (spring 1993), 28-49.
20/ OTTOMAN CONSTANTINOPLE, BETWEEN HERAT AND VENICE: THE PORTRAITS OF MEHMET II
Gülru Necipoğlu, "Visual Cosmopolitanism and Creative Translation: Artistic Conversations with Renaissance Italy in Mehmed II's Constantinople," Muqarnas 29 (2012), esp. 1-3 and 30-52.