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Conflict and Natural Disasters
 
War & Architecture
How are you going to bridge the concept of "War" & "Architecture"?

One concept/one word/one sentence/one action?
Kenneth Huo
Responses
 
War & Architecture
Against.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
Lebbeus Woods.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
City.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
WARbanism & WARchitecture(Picture:Dresden after February 15th 1945, after intense bombing of the Royal Air Force)
Lucien Steil
War & Architecture
Defensive warfare architecture: Castles / Citadels / Forts / Camps / Bunkers / Ports / Walls / etc.

Offensive warfare architecture:
Missile silos / Missile launch pads / Aircraft hangers / Naval Bases / etc.
Frank John Snelling
War & Architecture
WARsovie in WW II
Lucien Steil
War & Architecture
As long as architecture has been in the service of the status quo, war has been a constant feeder of money, ideas, clients and (in the case of WWII in the U.S., for example) technologies and materials for architecture. Let's also consider how architects and architecture -- shamefully -- has profited from war rather than only blame war for the destruction of architecture.
Ozgur Basak Alkan
War & Architecture
Daniel Libeskind.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
Indeed, it is the Imperial War Museum of the North... I just visited this well-discussed structure in Manchester and was disappointed that the exhibitions (nor the language of the building, for that matter) conveyed a strong condemnation of war. But that aside... what, Kenneth, is that image you posted in your last response?
Ozgur Basak Alkan
War & Architecture
War=Serial Killer/ there cannot be an architecture of War but only an architecture of memory and reconstruction. War is the negation of human culture and humanity alltogether!
Lucien Steil
War & Architecture
Dear friends,

War is sheer madness which needs to be replaced with wisdom to evolve architecture of peace and harmony.

We need to act in well in time to ensure that peace prevails.

Act,now!

Here is the appeal we, the architects and ekisticians, posted for peace in the Middle East.

ARCHITECTS AND EKISTICIANS
FOR PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST

There is a need for long term and permanent solution to the issues, which mere ceasefire is not going to solve. I am a strong believer in finding creative solutions to the issues. The problem has arisen due to artificial creation of nations at the end of World War II by the victors. Since then thousands have died and millions have suffered due to on going conflicts. The forces of peace need to unite and find creative and acceptable solutions to the issues. We do not have much time. We are on the verge of a conflict which may grow into World War III if the forces of peace do not act urgently.

One of the solutions lies in a regional collaborative framework which encompasses Palestine, Israel and Lebanon. All the three religions Judaism, Christianity and Islam, preach good neighbourliness, love and care for fellow human beings and prohibit unnecessary violence and killing of any innocent human being.

Based on this common understanding there is a need to go beyond the nation state and work out an out of the box solution in regional co-operation or a confederation of nations with an economic union. Let people of all faiths live together in peace and let there not be any further violence and killing of innocent children, women, men, elders and animals.

We call for immediate ceasefire leading to a permanent solution.

It is up to us the forces of peace to press for it successfully before the forces of violence turn the world into one living hell. We need to spread the good idea for permanent solution to the crisis in the Middle East. From the Architects for Peace to the Citizens for Peace, Now! Spread the good idea among your friends, today!

It may seem like a dream to many but I am convinced that that is the way out, the permanent solution, which will please Almighty Allah.

May Allah bless the people of the world with peace, harmony and sustainable development.

Ameen.

with warm regards,
AKHTAR

Prof. Akhtar Chauhan

ps: I am glad that UN Security Council has resolved unanimously to appeal to all the parties concerned for immediate ceasefire. But I am pained that instead of immediate ceasation of violence, attacks continue on villages and cities resulting in more deaths and destruction. There is now the talk of rebuilding of South Lebanon, but can we bring back all those innocent children, women and men and animals?

We need to restructure architecture of our minds to pursue the staight and simple path of peace, harmony and sustainable development.

Let us all pray for peace!

with best wishes,
AKHTAR
Akhtar Chauhan
War & Architecture
War is known as the lowest form of communication. War is communication through the use of physical force.

War comes when there is a complete refusal to communicate between two parties. This refusal to communicate which leads to war comes when there is a refusal to recognise the right to exist (by one party or both parties).
Frank John Snelling
War & Architecture
I am surprised that this discussion had not made it to the front page, given what has happened to Lebanon and Palestine.

The destruction of lives is horrendous, followed by the destruction of heritage and infrastructure, vital to the survival of any modern nation. At Architects for Peace we have run an information campaign and demanded an end to the war. If you would like to find more, please visit: http://www.architectsforpeace.org/
Beatriz C. Maturana
War & Architecture
Architecture, simply defined, is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings. Architecture ceases to exist in War for destruction is the absolute opposite of construction.
Architecture could never be associated with War.
Eda Louise Brasileño
War & Architecture
Eda Louise, Architecture is and has been used for military purposes from prehistoric times when humans built walls around their homes to keep out animal and human enemies. Furthermore, the most basic purpose for homes is that they are designed to keep out hostile environments and climates.

Humans use buildings as weather shells to survive the extremes of hot and cold. If humans did not build such homes then they would be forced to survive in the open air in places with moderate climates and nowhere else. :)))
Frank John Snelling
War & Architecture
The Anthropology of War: Puffin Bibliography
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
renovate, cities rise over again
Melek Faydali
War & Architecture
Re-Constructivism!
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
unbuilding
Anthony Stewart
War & Architecture
Dear Akhtar Chauhan,

Count me in.

Dear Frank,

War is not the lowest but the last form of communication; the end to all architecture.

aes
Anthony Stewart
War & Architecture
Dear friends,

War is lack of awareness, knowledge and wisdom, that there is adequate space, time and resources for us all. Architecture is full of awareness, knowledge and wisdom that there is space, time and resources for us all. Our will, imagination and creative actions enable us to transform these resources into architecture. Rediscover the architect within each of us, and the war will vanish for ever!

with best regards,
AKHTAR
Akhtar Chauhan
War & Architecture
Has anyone noticed what I posted last? Architecture evolved from the need to protect ourselves from hostile climates and environments. To refuse to notice truth creates self-imposed blind-spots and limits the intellect.
Frank John Snelling
War & Architecture
I noticed your post, Frank. I agree and I would further argue that architecture is so close to power that to assume it can be innocent of war/violence/injustice will make it seem as if there is no work to be done towards achieving a more equitable, democratic, and pro-people architecture!
Ozgur Basak Alkan
War & Architecture
the origin of architecture and cities refer to protection and sheltering, but there is a huge difference between building safe, comfortable and solid architectural structures, even fortresses and castles and the action to bomb unarmed civilians and, kill people and destroy cities, roads, bridges. Architecture can obviously be connected to power and serves often the Representation of Power, but again, building a beautiful classical palace and destroying one are thesis nd antithesis of architecture. (Picture by GIOTTO: Expulsion of the Demons from Arezzo)
Lucien Steil
War & Architecture
War = Chaotic
Architecture = Humanistic

'Chaotic juncture to humanity'
Rapinawati Iberam
War & Architecture
Ozgur, Thank you kindly.:)

In essence one could say that architecture is the solid or static effect of power by the Status Quo. For example:- prisons, police stations, law courts, etc. Plus people have security locks on their doors and windows, and there are anti-vandal proof lifts in tower blocks, etc.
Frank John Snelling
War & Architecture
The Disappearance.
The War.
The Architecture.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
Halliburton.

War = Architecture.

Bechtel.

Engineering, construction, management, and development services for War Architecture.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
Architecture is a force separate from War; it manifests itself as we wish it to. So does war, I am afraid. Why war? Gold, energy, ideas, commerce, blood: general quest for the "brass ring". To say we win, we are great, I am great(er than them).

Some architecture is the same. Man is man, whether building or destroying, in my opinion. I wish to lie outside of this bell curve.
Jacob Estes
War & Architecture
John Brown.

Conflict in Art.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
Wan - End Game.

Architecture - The Beginning of Space.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
Birth pangs = new Middle East
Dick Cheney = Minister of Town Planning and World Domination
Haliburton = Ministry of Corruption
Cluster bombs = urban planning
Collateral damage = garbage removal
Sinan Zidane
War & Architecture
Hi all,

...War IS on Architecture ...

I believe that war is essential on Architecture ... destroying of our protection/shelter ... without it we are defenseless...

I am writing my thesis on this topic ... 'War on Architecture' and would appreciate any advice!
Thanks
Kerri Eckert
War & Architecture
No profession or body of knowledge is for or against war by its nature, architecture can and does work for or against war with equal capacity. But it is the duty of the architect, not merely as a professional, but as a free, rational individual who happened to be equipped with architectural knowledge, to push the practice to a position that supports peace.
Bilge Imamoglu
War & Architecture
To Frank John Snelling (with my best regards),

Let me rephrase... war and architecture DON'T coexist. Coexistence means living together harmoniously. And how and where exactly can you insert the word "war" in that definition? Since War=Destruction, and Architecture=Construction..So what does it all mean?

That they are opposites.

One may rule over the other at a certain period in time, but they NEVER exist together, hence "Architecture could never be associated with War"*.

Take for the simplest example the recent Israel-Lebanon conflict. Do you see buildings being erected WHILE there's war? Of course not! Construction has to wait till the chaos ends, even not totally. For what's the use of building for the masses when one knows for sure that the product is going to meet its sad, predictable end?

BUT can War, in its most hostile being and presence, wait to see an ongoing construction laid in front of it meet its glory? No, it doesn't have to. IT destroys everything in its path.

One has got to stop where the other left off. Architecture IN, War OUT. And vice versa. Neither of the two is left hanging halfway through till it meets its goal wherein Architecture is for the common good while War benefits only the survivor.

Creating structures (let me add temporary retrofit) for the sole purpose of war is not architecture as an art at all. For going back to the word "coexistence", creating something with war in mind doesn't promote harmony, but a sure way to destruction.

In addition, as far as I can remember history, there's the Medieval architecture, the Byzantine, Mesopotamian, Asian, etc... but not a single account on "War Architecture". If you would insist, try military books and tactics, which I doubt could even help you clarify your opinion. Else, care to consult a scholar if you disagree even with textbooks.

Furthermore, war is a strict word highly associated to human strategy.

*Animals don't engage in war, they merely fight over territories and other external factors I won't discuss further.

Hope this enlightens you with my own concept why War and Architecture don't support each other, nor do they exist together at the same period.

*Referring to an earlier topic.

I would also like to acknowledge Anthony Stewart for a brief but concise explaination.

My support also goes to Akhtar Chauhan.

Peace to all.
Eda Louise Brasileño
War & Architecture
Salaam -

War - I remember the idea of neutron bombs: that the thousands would be killed, yet the buildings left to remain standing, re-usable after time. Ken, pleae choose one - I have too many...

war - there is an art to war, said Sun Tzu. Architecture - there is art to building, say we all.

One art, and another art: buildings may be designed for war, true. But no building declares war - that takes a human.

Architects are human: Dreams, dreamer, dreamed: The dreamer can choose to design a palace of peace or a warren of war - it is only a choice that we make. But I would say that war is easier to come by through 'not-planning' than by 'planning.'

Architects are dreamers, war becomes the end of dreams.

Constructs contain human emotions, human life - they make life possible. War makes life impossible.

A single H-bomb will huff and puff and blow any building down, whether brick or matchstick - so perhaps the issue of permanence should be secondary to the issue of Grace?

ma salemah!
Anthony Stewart
War & Architecture
I thought the last comments were delightful and insightful and deserve to be memorized for ever! Is there some way these reflections can be re-published? Would you give me the permission to publish them on my website, www.katarxis-publications.com?

Kind regards,

(Picture: Sidon Project by Samir Younes, Brian Hanson, Hajo Neis and The Prince of Wales's Urban Design Task Force, 1997)

Lucien Steil
War & Architecture
Architects initiate physical change in society. They create concrete solutions out of visions and what ordinary minds conceive as intangible. They have the power to materialize what others just dreamed of having.

It's a sad fate that one false move (War) by a single wicked genius could destroy in a split second what humanity created for generations. What a waste of superior intellect...

Architecture and War are both regarded as an Art in their own rights but of different entities. Each are separated at the dawn of existence, separated at birth. One means Life, the other - Death.

You are most welcome, Lucien Steil.

Let Peace spread and reach out to humankind.
Eda Louise Brasileño
War & Architecture
With "No More War"!
Nilsen Turan-Kennedy
War & Architecture
The idea that War and Architecture are opposites is nonsense. As I have tried to imput here, the very act of human architecture from the beginning of time is an intentional system used to defend humans from the forces of nature.

Architecture protects humans from the wind, the rain, the sun, the cold, the heat, the dust, the dry, the wet: and protects humans against all biological things (animals and plants) that are inimical to human life.

Given that architecture has this role as the fundamental for all design, then it is not surprising that architecture is used to defend humans from human enemies. Castles, forts, defensive ditches, defensive walls, etc were designed and built in the same way as architecture was designed and built against the forces of nature. Q.E.D. :)))
Frank John Snelling
War & Architecture
The Great Wall of China is a War Architecture!
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
Also Ken,

The wall in Palestine...

with sadness,
Anthony Stewart
War & Architecture
(in old times)
towers, mangonels and devastation;
(in modern times)Hitler and re-construction
Waleed Akef
War & Architecture
A Veterans Hospital:

End of War and Home Coming Architecture. Healing the worn.
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
'War' & 'Architecture' one can understand and debate, but how about this: in 1992, here in India, 'No War' yet 'Architecture Destroyed.'

Haseeb www.haseebsiddique.8k.com

Haseeb Siddique Shaikh
War & Architecture
If we drop the matter of architecture, war is a continuous process of building society. By war, we get new society, new living styles, new thoughts, new literature, and then new architecture.

So war and architecture are not contradictory. I think if we had no war, we could not have new architecture.
Rajib Kumar Dey
War & Architecture
Which one of the greatest buildings in all of the world can prevent war?

Look, where is the people's portion of architecture in our world? We build a lot of grand buildings, then we destroy them and rebuild others as modern. So what about the people who lose everything in the wars? Well. We have forgotten them...
Roya Faghani Nia
War & Architecture
"The purpose of all war is peace."

- Saint Augustine _ (350-430)
Kenneth Huo
War & Architecture
War is an act of reshaping and defining boundaries and concepts (tangible and intangible) and so is Architecture.
Everyones at war..perceived/imperceived (Maybe with oneself).
Zoheb Kherada
War & Architecture
our greatest fears crystalized;
our wars in suspended animation;
we are beholden to these
vivid reminders of everything
we could possibly lose
or gain;
such is our architecture
Jofer Magsi
War & Architecture
Maybe I should have put my "Name this Minaret" under this War & Architecture topic instead of Conflict and natural disaster. Please have a look.
Catherine Grundhauser
War & Architecture
http://www.break.com/index/military_attempts_to_find_insurgents_in_tower.html
Catherine Grundhauser
War & Architecture
Now I have a pic of the minaret in question.
Catherine Grundhauser
War & Architecture
urbicide!!!
Ahmed Al Awamleh
War & Architecture
they are two different things...one is to provide, architecture, the other is to destroy, war. the only bridging element between the two is the transition between creation and destruction!
Oliver Williams
War & Architecture
hello and kind greetings to everyone.
It is indeed a very interesting topic. In my humble opinion war and architecture do coexist and sometimes even interact. In the Israeli-Arab conflict architecture and urbanism became and still are devices of occupation and consequently of war; the infamous separation wall is in fact a killing machine and a weapon-barrier. the battle for the colonies in the West Bank is boldly strategic and thus military. Architecture is in the heart of this conflict and one of its main component. The Israeli military call the Palestinian high density urban sprawl: (jihad by construction) that must be controlled in order to maintain the land grasping enterprise perpetuated by israel.
The palestinian urban and demographic growth is countered by enclosing, fragmenting, and cutting arab cities and villages from there natural milieu (their country side), the means employed outside direct military action seeking deliberate destruction ( design by destruction and urbicide) are fences, security barriers and a web of by-pass roads connecting the colonies located atop the west bank mountains. the latters are designed in a very strategic way that makes them function as fortified advanced outposts and observation points and of course if necessary as military and paramilitary base which is what they are....I prefer not to be extensive on this matter and would rather strongly advice everyone interested in this topic to read Rafi Segal's and Eyal Weizman's
A Civilian Occupation: The Politics of Israeli Architecture, ed.Verso
Ahmed Al Awamleh
War & Architecture
The Politics of Verticality: Architecture and Occupation in the West Bank
Eyal Weizman

http://webcast.rice.edu/webcast.php?action=details&event=93
Ahmed Al Awamleh
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