Saleh Makiya (1914-2015) was born in Baghdad and educated in England, receiving his
BArch at Liverpool School of Architecture and a diploma in civic planning from
Liverpool University in 1941 and 1942, respectively. He completed his studies at Kings College,
Cambridge, earning his PhD in 1946. He
returned to Baghdad that same year and established Makiya Associates, an
architectural and planning consultancy practice. During the 1950s he designed houses and
commercial buildings and became increasingly aware of the heritage of Iraqi
architecture. Dr. Makiya was one of the
original founders of the Department of Architecture at the College of
Engineering, Baghdad University, in 1959.
He remained head of the department until 1968. During subsequent years, Makiya Associates
offices were established in Bahrain, Oman, London, Kuwait, Doha, Abu Dhabi, and
The works and ideas of Mohamed Makiya and his firm
have been investigated in numerous books and articles, and examined and explored
in conferences and exhibitions, including an international conference on
Baghdad architectural heritage held in early 2013 at the University of
Baghdad. The conference was part of the
events of “Baghdad, Arab Capital of Culture for the Year 2013”, sponsored
through a partnership between the University of Baghdad, Ifpo (the French
Institute of the Near East), and the UNESCO Office for Iraq.
Makiya’s contributions to the fields of
architecture and urbanism and, in particular, his sophisticated incorporation
of traditional forms into modern architecture, cannot be overstated. His work embodies ideas of urban conservation,
regionalism in form, and continuity of architectural heritage; ideas which continue
to younger generations of architects throughout the Middle East.
MAKIYA ASSOCIATES. Muscat City Planning - Proposed Preservation Study: Stage I Preliminary Report, Volume 2. Oman: Makiya Associates, 1972
Muscat City Planning - Proposed Preservation Study, Stage I Preliminary Report, Volume 2. Please note that the Mohamed Makiya Archive does not include a related "Volume 1". However, the subsequent report or booklet includes mention that the drawings and plans done for an exhibition may constitute a presentation that was to be considered part of the two volume environmental study.
In June 1972 His Majesty the Sultan of Oman commissioned Makiya Associates to act as planning consultants to undertake a comprehensive survey of the existing city and to draw up proposals for conservation and future development. A master plan was developed including planning proposals and legislative recommendations for implementation. This was presented as a two volume report including a panel exhibition of photographs and drawings of the city as existing and as proposed. The following summary report is based on that material and on the further results of several years practice as the physical planners of the city of Muscat.
Makiya Associates, Muscat City Planning, ca. 1973-75, Introduction, 1.2.