He was born Charles-Edouard Jeanneret in Switzerland in 1887. When he was 29, he went to Paris, where he soon after adopted his maternal grandfather's name, Le Corbusier, as his pseudonym. Jeanneret had been a small-town architect; Le Corbusier was a visionary. He believed that architecture had lost its way. Art Nouveau, all curves and sinuous decorations, had burned itself out in a brilliant burst of exuberance; the seductive Art Deco style promised to do the same. The Arts and Crafts movement had adherents all over Europe, but as the name implies, it was hardly representative of an industrial age. Le Corbusier maintained that this new age deserved a brand-new architecture. "We must start again from zero," he proclaimed.
Demissie, Fassil. 2005. "Controlling and 'Civilising Natives' through Architecture and Town Planning in South Africa." ArchiAfrika Conference Proceedings: Modern Architecture in East Africa around Independence (Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, July 27-29), 173-188.
This is the third of the four papers included in the third session (Modern Housing and the Instant Welfare State) of the ArchiAfrika 2005 Conference, held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania between July 27 and 29. [Note: This paper was submitted but not presented in the conference]
Individual papers from the conference can be browsed here, with links (where available) to related materials in the ArchNet Digital Library. The conference proceedings are also available as a single PDF file on the ArchiAfrika website at archiafrika.org.
Fassil Demissie is an associate professor of Public Policy Studies at DePaul University in the United States.