Human Perception in the Libyan Built Environment: Al-Khums and Bani Walid Cities as Case Studies
journal article
This paper is concerned with the identification of different influences on the built environment, and those which have a physical and psychological impact on people. The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of the built environment on the lives of people. The interrelationship between people and built environment is based on human perception. This research will explore this relationship further in order to develop a clear understanding of the ways in which architecture may influence peoples’ perceptions and experiences. Additionally, the research entails a comparison between two important theories: the first is an Image of the city derived using the Mental Map Theory; the second is related to Space Syntax Theory. The two theories will be applied in two different cities in Libya with the aim of assessing the importance of their interrelationship and how it may be understood more clearly. This paper will also provide guidelines for improving urban design and planning standards with the end goal of producing a high quality perception by those who actually use the space. Moreover, it concludes with a number of research avenues that should be pursued to answer how the properties of built environment affect human perception.


perception; mental maps; Space Syntax; axial analysis; Libyan cities


Agael, Fawzi Mohamed and Özlem Özer. "Human Perception in the Libyan Built Environment: Al-Khums and Bani Walid Cities as Case Studies." Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research 11, no. 2 (March 2017): 157-174.

Parent Publications
Fawzi Mohamed Agael, Özlem Özer