From Empire to Republic, From Salonica to Istanbul the Terakki Foundation and its Schools 1877-2000
Type
abstract
Year
2014
Alkan, Mehmet Ö. and Vakfı, Terakki. İmparatorluk’tan Cumhuriyet’e Selanik’ten İstanbul’a Terakki Vakfı ve Terakki Okulları 1877- 2000. İstanbul: Terakki Vakfı, 2003, 392pp.

ABSTRACT

From Empire to Republic, From Salonica to Istanbul the Terakki Foundation and its Schools 1877-2000

İmparatorluk’tan Cumhuriyet’e Selanik’ten İstanbul’a Terakki Vakfı ve Terakki Okulları 1877-2000

The book investigates the establishment and historical evolution of the schools of the Terakki Foundation and uses various documents and books of administrative decisions as primary evidence. The work is visually enriched by the inclusion of copies of Ottoman and modern Turkish documents, such as diplomas, transcripts, tables indicating the salary scales of teachers and other workers, as well as old and new photographs of the schools. It is a pleasurable read with a clear, flowing style of writing. The final part of the book includes documents that serve as primary source material, such as school guidelines, books of administrative decisions, correspondence with the Imperial Porte, the curriculum and school fees.

While narrating the history of the Terakki Schools, the book provides information on the history of education from the reign of Abdülhamid II (1876-1908) to the twenty-first century, covering seventy-seven years of the Turkish Republic. It investigates a specific educational institution but while doing so also looks at Salonica, a Balkan trading centre that remained under Ottoman rule until 1913. Useful information is provided on its economy, administrative and educational structures, daily city life, publishing houses, libraries, non-governmental organisations, and even renegades, who constituted a significant portion of the population.

The author addresses the efforts of the Ottoman bureaucrats to foster an idea of ‘the Ottoman citizen’ amongst the Muslims and non-Muslims living within the multi-ethnic and multi-religious Ottoman society. To spread this idea, schools were established with the purpose of enabling students from various religions and sects to study together. The author provides examples from schools that opened to demonstrate the fact that educational modernisation efforts did increase during Abdülhamid II’s reign, while at the same time education was becoming more religion-based.

The author states that in the post-Constitutional era and for the first time in the Empire’s history, the state asserted control over public education to meet the changing social needs, by making primary education compulsory, founding schools that were open to all communities, including girls, and allowing non-governmental organisations to found schools in cities like Salonica, which had vigorous trading activities.

The author talks in detail about the establishment and development of the first Terakki School, drawing our attention to the fact that the name of the schools demonstrated its aims very clearly: ‘terakki’ meaning progress. 

Through the Terakki Schools, the book analyses the historical evolution of education in the period of Ottoman modernisation. The work can serve as a useful source to those pursuing academic research on Ottoman educational history or those interested in the history of the nineteenth-century Balkan cities.

Feryal Tansuğ
Translated by Aysu Dinçer
Citation
Tansuğ, Feryal. '"English abstract of 'From Empire to Republic, From Salonica to Istanbul the Terakki Foundation and its Schools 1877-2000'". Translated by Aysu Dinçer. In Cities as Built and Lived Environments: Scholarship from Muslim Contexts, 1875 to 2011, by Aptin Khanbaghi. 52. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014.
Authorities
Collections
Copyright
Muslim Civilisations Abstracts - The Aga Khan University
Country
Turkey
Language
English
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