An Example of Ottoman Endowment-City Relationship: The Role of Endowments in Sivas
Type
abstract
Year
2014

Demirel, Ömer. Osmanlı Vakıf-Şehir İlişkisine Bir Örnek: Sivas Şehir Hayatında Vakıfların Rolü. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2000, 220pp.

 

ABSTRACT

 

An Example of Ottoman Endowment-City Relationship: The Role of Endowments in Sivas

 

Osmanlı Vakıf-Şehir İlişkisine Bir Örnek: Sivas Şehir Hayatında Vakıfların Rolü

 

In this book Ömer Demiral studies the role of vakfs (religious endowments) in the settlement, Islamisation and reconstruction of the city of Sivas. It depicts a typical Anatolian city which was also an old, important Seljuk centre. According to the author, the vakfs were one of the first institutions to influence the establishment and reconstruction of the city after its destruction by Timur Leng. The author discusses the physical, economic, and demographic changes along with cultural manifestations which have been influenced by the vakfs.There have been many studies conducted on Ottoman vakfs in general; however, this study fills a gap by unravelling the influence of foundations on the economic, political, topographical and cultural structure of the city.

 The author has chosen Sivas as a typical town in Middle and Eastern Anatolia. He limits his time frame to 1700-1850, but also refers to vakfs that had already been founded by that period and were still functioning.

 The author explains how the endowments influenced the physical structure of the city as neighbourhoods developed around small mosques, and dervish lodges. The city grew as governors established larger vakfs. The author identifies 70 names referring to neighbourhoods and 130 mosques. He concludes that although only a small number of vakf estates have survived from the Seljuk period, these are the largest and richest vakfs in the area.

 Demirel also refers to the economic organisation of vakfs, their sources, their legal standing and their administration. He provides a ratio of Muslim and non-Muslim endowments and vakfs founded by women. He includes photos and neighbourhood plans from 1500 onwards along with the testament of prominent people.

 Detailed information is not provided on vakfs established by Bektashis. Archival evidence is presented and the incomes of vakfs are simply compared to one another: issues such as the income distribution between vakfs are not critically analysed. It is likely that the omission of such issues results from the fact that the author has not had access to all the relevant archival material.

 

Özge Soylu Bozdağ and Ecehan Koç

Citation
Soylu Bozdağ, Özge and Koç, Ecehan. “English abstract of 'of An Example of Ottoman Endowment-City Relationship: The Role of Endowments in Sivas'". Translated by Özge Soylu Bozdağ and Ecehan Koç. In Cities as Built and Lived Environments: Scholarship from Muslim Contexts, 1875 to 2011, by Aptin Khanbaghi. 98. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014
Authorities
Collections
Copyright
Muslim Civilisations Abstracts - The Aga Khan University
Country
Turkey
Language
English
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