Evolution of Floor Construction System in Beirut (1840-1940)
Type
journal article
Year
2020
This article deals with the evolution of floor structural systems; traditional structural systems during the late Ottoman period and the concrete structural systems during the French mandate period in Beirut. Beyond this, natural constraint timber materials used in the late nineteenth century and the available concrete materials used in the early twentieth century can direct influence the evolution of the floor structural systems which became an integral part of architectural design and typology. Structural principles of traditional floor construction techniques will be characterized and assessed in eight case studies tracing its structural systems in terms of their evolution. The subject matter will be approached in a descriptive manner for floor structural systems and the determination of mechanical properties of timber. 
Citation

Hammond , Jad and Abi Rachad, Elise. 2020. 'Evolution of Floor Construction System in Beirut (1840-1940)' in International Journal of Applied Science, volume 3, issue 2.

Authorities
Copyright

Open Acces, Creative Common by Attribution

Country
Lebanon
Language
English
Keywords
floors
residential architecture