Turkey (Bing and Harrington Balkan Archive)

Anatolia, which forms the majority of what is now Turkey, has been occupied by the great empires of the Trojans, Hittites, Ionians, Persians, Assyrians, Macedonians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, and Turks who founded the Ottoman Empire. The principal contemporary ethnic group is Turkish, with a large minority of Kurdish, and smaller minorities of Greek, Armenian and others.

The vernacular architecture still found has connections to these cultures and to the pronounced landscapes (the coasts of the Aegean, Mediterranean, and Black Seas, the Taurus and Dogukar mountain ranges, and the high central plains of the Konyan Basin and Ergene plains of Thrace) that are important factors in the development of the various types of vernacular architecture.

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