Statistics of the Capital, Tehran (Documents from Tehran’s Social History During the Qajar Era)

سعدوندیان، سیروس و
اتحادیه، منصوره. آمار دارالخلافه تهران: اسنادی از تاریخ اجتماعی تهران در عصر
تهران: نشر تاریخ ایران، ١٣۶٨، چاپ اول، ٦۵١ص.


Sirus and Ittihadiyah, Mansurah.
’Amar-i Dar al-Khilafah-i
Tihran: Asnadi az Tarikh-i Ijtima‘i-i Tihran dar ‘Asr-i Qajar
Markaz-i Furush, Nashr-i Tarikh-i Iran, 1990/1991, 1st edn, 651pp.




of the Capital, Tehran (Documents from Tehran’s Social History During the Qajar

آمار دارالخلافه
تهران: اسنادی از تاریخ اجتماعی تهران در عصر قاجار


This book consists of three documents from the Qajar era. The references
for these documents are cited in the preface of the work.


The first document, “The Number of Houses and Other Buildings in the
Spectacular Capital, Tehran”, is from the year 1852. After a four-line
introduction, the document presents a list of “the number of houses”, places of
religious rituals (Tikaya), shrines, mosques and shops. In this
document, houses have been categorised as belonging to ordinary citizens and
servants. Armenian, Turkeman and Jewish populations as well as trades-people
are included in the latter category. In describing the city’s neighbourhoods,
which include Ark, Oudlajan, the Bazaar, Sangelaj, Chalimeydan and a few other
inhabited areas outside the city gates, the list of houses begins with the
homes of the Minister in chief, princes, khans and their servants; after
listing the homes of religious and other scholars, it continues with the homes
of ordinary citizens. However, the structural features and physical placement
of the houses are left unaddressed. In its concluding segments, the document
notes the total number of places of religious ritual (Tikaya), schools,
mosques, artillery centres, warehouses, shrines, doctors’ clinics, weapons
warehouses, and unusable urban lands.


The second document is an eight-page text called “Geography of the
Resident Population of the Protector Capital”, which was edited by Abdul-Ghafar
Mujnem-Bashi in 1869. Four pages of this document are devoted to covering the
methods and shortcomings of the statistical approach.


The last document of this book, “Identifying and Recording Buildings in
the Areas Near the Trenches around the Spectacular Capital”, is by Akhzar
Alishah and dates to 1899. The method of classifying neighbourhoods is the same
in the first and second documents. In the third document, however, which dates
to the era of Muzaffaredin Shah, the names and order of the neighbourhoods have
changed and been labelled as “hangouts”. Generally, this is done in accordance
with the names of persons who have the title of “deputy” such as “the hangout
of deputy Aziz”. In addition, many transit areas are marked with the label
“police” such as the transit area called “Abbas Police”.


Despite the fact that one of the documents is entitled “geography”, none
of its pages contains a map of Tehran. At the same time, all three documents
provide a sense of the urban space of Tehran during the beginning and middle
years of Nassirdin Shah’s reign as well as the beginning of the reign of his
son, Muzaffaridin Shah Qajar. As such, the book may be of notable interest to
historians and anthropologists, as well as city planning researchers.

Esmailpour Ghouchani, Iradj. "Statistics of the Capital, Tehran (Documents from Tehran’s Social History During the Qajar Era)." Translated by Niki Akhavan. In Cities as Built and Lived Environments: Scholarship from Muslim Contexts, 1875 to 2011, by Aptin Khanbaghi. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2014, 16.
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