The Mughals came to India as Timurids. Founded by the Turko‐Mongol warlord Timur (Tamerlane) (c. 1370–1405), the Timurid dynasty ruled much of Iran and Central Asia for over a century (c. 1370–1507), first from Samarqand (Uzbekistan) and then from Herat (Afghanistan). Toward the end of the fifteenth century its realms were already diminishing. In 1507 Babur, the proud descendant of Timur and Chinggis Khan, after having been driven from Samarqand by the Uzbeks to his exile in Kabul, sought new opportunities in India.
From the essay The Mughals, Uzbeks, and the Timurid Legacy
Golombek, Lisa and Ebba Koch. In A Companion to Islamic Art and Architecture. Edited by Finbarr Barry Flood and Gülru Necipoğlu. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2017.
Ebba Koch and Lisa Golombek