Batashewala Complex Conservation
Delhi, India
Aga Khan Historic Cities Programme

The Batashewala Complex, abutting Humayun’s Tomb Complex stands within the World Heritage Site buffer zone. The complex comprises Bara Batashewala Mahal; Chota Batashewala Mahal; an enclosure wall; and, an unknown Mughal tomb all constructed in the late 16th – early 17th century. These buildings comprise a unique Mughal era Islamic funerary complex unlike any other in India.

As with the abutting Humayun’s Tomb World Heritage Site, which stands within a walled garden enclosure, the structures known as Bara Batashewala and Chota Batashewala Mahals were actually tombs located within an arcaded stone masonry enclosure wall (over 1'000m long). The domed Mughal era tomb, (referred to as the unknown tomb) standing at the eastern end of the complex, stood on an elevated ‘fort-like’ platform, only fragments of which are now visible. Since I950’s the Batashewala Complex has been in the ownership of Bharat Scouts for use as a campground. After over a decade of persistent requests by conservation groups, the ownership was transferred by the Government of India to the Archaeological Survey of India in 2010 thus now allowing the possibility of conservation of the monuments that stand within the complex as a whole and in an integrated manner with other monuments that sit in adjacent complexes.

  • Bara Batashewala Mahal is a 30 m square structure, with five half-domed openings in each one of its four sides, those on the west now collapsed and those on the south inappropriately repaired in the 20th century and now, in order to halt the process of deterioration, requiring partial dismantling prior to repairs. 

  • Chota Batashewala Mahal was originally a domed octagonal tomb, profusely ornamented but has largely collapsed in the second half of the 20th century. Archival pictures, from the 1960’s, and drawings together with a study of the standing portions of the building provide enough evidence of the original to carry out an informed conservation project aimed at enhancing the historical significance of the site and the understanding of the building for visitors.

  • The Mughal Tomb standing at the eastern edge of the Batashewala complex, stood on an elevated stone masonry plinth, giving it a fort like appearance. The plinth, mostly covered with vegetation and partially collapsed, is 100 m long and 60m wide. The planned rebuilding of missing portions and conserving standing portions of the plinth would significantly halt further deterioration and enhance the historic character.

  • The Enclosure Wall of the Batashewala Complex is similar in style to the garden enclosure wall of the Humayun’s Tomb World Heritage Site and separated only by a narrow street. The profile of the street itself has not changed much in 400 years when it was used by the Mughals to access the river Yamuna. Portions of the wall have collapsed, are covered with vegetation and will need to be recovered and completed on the basis of recently discovered standing portions.

Source: Aga Khan Trust for Culture

Mathura Road, Nizamuddin, South Delhi, Delhi, India
Images & Videos
Associated Names
Part of Site
Associated Collections
Constructed in the late 16th and early 17th century
restored from 2011-2015
Style Periods
11 acres
Building Usages
Related Sites