Duomo di Monreale
Monreale, Italy
The Duomo di Monreale (Monreale Cathedral) was originally established as a Benedictine monastery, situated on a hill overlooking Palermo. A papal bull in 1174 refers to the monastery being under construction, and in 1176 the first monks and abbot came to the monastery at the invitation of King William II of Sicily. The name "Monreale" was used for the first time in 1183 by Pope Lucius III.

At the west end of the cathedral, two square towers flank a portico built in 1770. The east end is covered in polychrome decoration of inlaid stone, in a pattern of intersecting arcades and roundels. The cathedral has a Latin cross plan, 102 m. long and 40 m. wide, with three naves separated by two rows on nine columns each. These columns, supporting pointed arcades, and their capitals are taken from Roman buildings and are all of granite, except for the first one on the right made of marble. The great apse of the nave is covered by a ribbed vault, with the other two apses topped by a half done, and the crossing has massive piers surmounted by a lantern with large windows. Polychrome wooden ceilings cover the rest of the church.

Today the cathedral is chiefly known for its interior mosaic decoration, and is considered the climax of Norman artistic production in Sicily.

Sources:

Fucalaro, Roberta. "Storia della cattedrale." Accessed January 7, 2015. http://www.cattedralemonreale.it/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=4&Itemid=34

Kauffmann, Martin and Carl D. Sheppard. "Monreale Cathedral." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press, accessed January 7, 2015. http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T059193.

UNESCO. "Arab-Norman Palermo and the cathedral churches of Cefalù’ and Monreale." Accessed January 7, 2015. http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5565/

Record updates:

  • October 3, 2018 (AKDC Staff): added images.

Location
Monreale, Italy
Images & Videos
Events
1174-1183
Style Periods
Dimensions
102 x 40 m
Variant Names
Duomo di Monreale
Cettedrale di Monreale
Alternate
Monreale Cathedral
Translated
Santa Maria la Nuova
Alternate
Building Usages
cathedral
religious
Keywords
Christianity
churches
religious architecture