Masjid al-Amir Qurqumas al-Sayfi
Cairo, Egypt
The complex of Qurqumas, a mamluk of Sultan Qaytbay and a grand amir under Sultan al-Ghuri, was built in 1506-7. The complex as it now stands is what remains of a large number of structures Qurqumas built in the cemetery, including annexes, kitchens, storehouses, lodgings, wells with saqiyas, stables, and ablutions courts. The present building includes a khanqah, a mosque-madrasa, a sabil-kuttab, and private residential quarters, in addition to the mausoleum. The main cruciform hall, similar to those in the Qaytbay and other religious complexes of the period, is neither a khanqah nor a madrasa. It served as a congregational mosque which accommodated Sufi hudur sessions and some teaching activities not specific to a certain rite. The rab' has duplexes, units built on two floors, with a latrine on both floors of each unit. Tenants did not necessarily belong to the foundation.

Perhaps the most interesting element of this building is to be found in the living rooms at the southern end of the monument. They can be reached from the main door in the courtyard or from an internal staircase on the other side of the mausoleum. This unit is called the qasr, the palace. Although the inclusion of these presidential units was common in multifunctional desert complexes, this was the only such example that has survived. This is where the patron stayed when he visited the foundation for feast days or on special occasions. At ground level the arched rooms provided space for storage and stabling. The area above includes an open courtyard, a large reception room, a sleeping room, and a latrine.

The Polish-Egyptian Group for restoration of Islamic Monuments worked on the complex between 1984 and 1988, and the Ministry of Culture is currently at task.


Sources:

Behrens-Abouseif, Doris. "Change in Function and Form of Mamluk Religious Institutions." Annales Islamologiques 21 (1985): 73-93.

Behrens-Abouseif, Doris. Islamic Architecture in Cairo. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1989.

Jarrar, Sabri, András Riedlmayer, and Jeffrey B. Spurr. Resources for the Study of Islamic Architecture. Cambridge, MA: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture, 1994. http://archnet.org/library/documents/one-document.jsp?document_id=6053.

Meinecke, Michael. Die Mamlukische Architektur in Ägypten und Syrien (648/1250 bis 923/1517). Glückstadt: Verlag J. J. Augustin, 1992.

Misiorowski, Andrzej. Mausoleum of Qurqumas in Cairo: An Example of the Architecture and Building Art of the Mamlouk Period. Warsaw: PKZ. 1979-1991.

Sayed, Hazem. "The Rab' in Cairo: A Window on Mamluk Architecture and Urbanism." Ph.D. diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1987.

Williams, Caroline. Islamic Monuments in Cairo:The Practical Guide, 209-211. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2002.
Location
Northern Cemetery, Cairo, Egypt
Images & Videos
Documents
Associated Names
Part of Site
Events
1506-1507/912 AH, restoration 1984-1988/1404-1408 AH
Style Periods
Mamluk
1250-1517
Variant Names
Masjid al-Amir Qurqumas al-Sayfi
Amir Qurqumas Funerary Complex at the Northern Cemetery
Variant
Madrasat wa-Khanqah al-Amir Qurqumas
Variant
Amir Kabir Qurqumas al-Atabeki Madrasa
Variant
Khanqah
Variant
Building Usages
mausoleum
funerary
mosque
religious
madrasa
educational
Keywords
rab'
qasr