Fazl Mosque
London, United Kingdom
The Fazl Mosque, also known as the London Mosque, is the first purpose-built mosque in London. Designed by Thomas Mawson, it was commissioned by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, which spring out of Qadian in the Punjab region of India. By 1913 the community was established in the UK.  Soon after the community began raising money to support the construction of a mosque. The Fazl Mosque was inaugurated in 1926. In "A History of Mosques in Britain," Saleem Shahed describes the structure "simple and carefully proportioned," with a 7 x 10 m prayer hall, 5.4 m in height, and capped by dome rising an additional 4.6 m. Shahed notes strong Mughal influence in features of the mosque such as the cupolas in each corner of the prayer hall, but he also argues the mosque is a "British Islamic building influenced by contemporary trends in Modernism and Art Deco."1

The white mosque with its green dome and tall, narrow, arched windows, is surrounded by grass and ornamental vegetation. It is the centerpiece of a complex that includes multipurpose assembly spaces, offices, and apartments. The Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has also resided on the premises since a 1984 law prohibited Ahmadi Muslims from openly practicing in Pakistan.


--Michael A. Toler, Archnet Content Manager
  May 30, 2017

Notes: 
1. Saleem Shahed, "A History of Mosques in Britain," Architects' Journal 235, no. 14 (May 2012): https://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/a-history-of-mosques-in-britain/8629263.article.


Sources: 

"The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community." Love for All, Hatred For None- An Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community UK. Accessed May 30, 2017. http://www.loveforallhatredfornone.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/2015-Jamaat-Introduction-The-Ahmadiyya-Muslim-Community.pdf.

Basit, Asif M. "London’s First Mosque – A Study in History and Mystery – Part 1 of 2 - The Review of Religions." The Review of Religions » Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Last modified June 2012. http://www.reviewofreligions.org/6651/londons-first-mosque-a-study-in-history-and-mystery-part-1-of-2/.

"London's First Mosque – Archive, 4 October 1926 | World News | The Guardian." The Guardian. Last modified October 4, 2016. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/04/fazl-first-mosque-london-opening-southfields-1926?cmp=oth_b-aplnews_d-2.

Shahed, Saleem. "A History of Mosques in Britain." Architects' Journal 235, no. 14 (May 2012), 36-43. https://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/a-history-of-mosques-in-britain/8629263.article
Location
16 Gressenhall Rd, London, United Kingdom
Images & Videos
Associated Collections
Events
inaugurated October 23, 1924/Rabi Al-Awwal 25, 1343 AH
Dimensions
7 x 10 m; dome 10 m in height
Variant Names
Fazl Mosque
The London Mosque
Building Usages
mosque
religious
Materials/Techniques
concrete
steel