Jami' al-Mihmandar
Aleppo, Syria
Jami' al-Mihmandar, also known as Jami' al-Qadi, is a historic mosque in the northern section of the old city of Aleppo. The mosque is named after its patron, Husam al-Din Hasan Ibn Balaban, also known as Ibn al-Mihmandar. Mihmandar is a Mamluk term referring to the chief chef of the Sultan. Arabic sources on Damascus date the building to circa 1303/708 AH.

The mosque occupies an irregular plot of land. One enters the mosque through a portal on its west side set within a shallow arched iwan with muqarnas squinches. The mosque's minaret rises directly to the right of this portal. The minaret is of the Anatolian style, with a square base, octagonal drum, and cylindrical shaft ornamented with zig-zags and blind arches. It dates to later in the 14th/8th century and was not constructed as part of the original mosque.

The interior of the mosque is centered on a large rectangular courtyard from which visitors can access various rooms. The domed prayer hall is on the south side of the mosque.

The mosque is notable for a two-line inscription (undated) to the right of its entrance portal which condemns the use of images of animate beings within mosques. The inscription reads:1

Cursed is he who occupies himself with a depiction with an animate soul in the vicinity of this mosque, or he who erects an image with an animate soul in order to draw people to it or sell it/ and he who does this is in the company of those about whom it is said, "May God pray for them!" Indeed, those who possess these images shall be punished on judgment day, and it shall be asked of them, "Bring to life that which you created!" Praise be to God.

Jami' al-Mahmandar went under major reconstruction in 1946 after it was destroyed in the earthquake of 1822. It was heavily damaged in the Syrian Civil War: the outside walls were damaged, as well as the dome of the prayer hall and drum of the art-historically significant minaret.2

Notes:

  1. Herzfeld, Inscriptions, No. 212. 
  2. Directorate-General of Antiquities and Museums of Syria. Interactive Map of Conflicted Monumentshttp://www.dgam.gov.sy/ [Accessed 12 February 2018].

Sources:

Heins Gaube. Aleppo: Historische Und Geographische Beiträge Zur Baulichen Gestaltung, Zur Sozialen Organisation Und Zur Wirtschaftlichen Dynamik Einer Vorderasiatischen Fernhandelsmetropole. 2 vols. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert, 1984. Inv. No. 269 (p. 375).

Hadjar, Abdallah. Historical Monuments of Aleppo, 82. Aleppo: Automobile and Touring Club of Syria.

Herzfeld, Ernst. Matériaux Pour Un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. Part 2: Syrie Du Nord. Inscriptions et Monuments d’Alep. 1,2: 361-362. 2 vols. in 3 parts. Cairo: Institut Français d’archéologie orientale, 1954.

Meinecke, Michael. Die Mamlukische Architektur in Ägypten Und Syrien (658/1250 Bis 923/1517). 2 vols. Glückstadt: J. J. Augustin, 1992. II:93 (No. 9B/29) and II:223 (No. 19B/6). 

Rihawi, Abdul Qader. Arabic Islamic Architecture in Syria, 1981. Damascus: Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, 1979.

Sauvaget, Jean. “Inventaire Des Monuments Musulmans de La Ville d’Alep.” Revue Des Études Islamiques 5 (1931): 59–114. no. 40, fig. 9.


Location
Bab al-Nasr, Aleppo, Syria
Images & Videos
Documents
Associated Names
Events
1303/708 AH
Style Periods
Mamluk
1250-1517
Variant Names
جامع المهمندار
Original
Jami' al-Mihmandar
Transliterated
Jami' al-Mahmandar
Alternate transliteration
Mahmandar Mosque
Translated
جامع القاضي
Alternate
Building Usages
mosque
religious