Abu Hurayra Ziyarat
Zadiyan, Afghanistan
Abu Hurayra Ziyarat is a domed structure associated in local lore with the resting place of the companion of the Prophet of the same name. It is situated below the walls of a medieval citadel known as Kafir Qal'a, which lies about 2 kilometers north of the modern village of Zadiyan in Balkh Province, Afghanistan. The citadel was populated up until the twelfth/sixth century AH. Based on the form of its dome and the relatively simple decoration, Galina Pugachenkova dated the structure to the first half of the eleventh/fifth century AH. She believed the structure to have been a khanqah, or Sufi lodge, given its form and location outside what were once the walls of an inhabited fortified town.

The structure takes the form of a domed cube, 8.5 m per side, adjoining a rectangular vestibule measuring 10.5 x 3.7 m, built of mud brick. The entrance to the vestibule was an arched iwan, which had collapsed by the twentieth century, leaving only the doorway at its rear. The dome chamber has a cenotaph at its center and a mihrab in its western wall. The dome rises from the square base via an octagon made of eight arches: four blind arches on each wall and four covering the corners at angles forming squinches.


Sources:

Ball, Warwick. Archaeological Gazetteer of Afghanistan. Revised Edition, 11. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Pugachenkova, G. A. "Little Known Monuments of the Balkh Area." Art and Archaeology Research Papers 13 (1978): 31-40. 
Location
Zadiyan, Afghanistan
Images & Videos
Events
first half 11th c./5th c. AH
Style Periods
Dimensions
ca. 111 square meters (vestibule: 10.5 x 3.7 m; dome chamber: 8.5 x 8.5 m)
Variant Names
ابو حريره زيارت
Original
Abu Hurayra Ziyarat
Transliterated
Abu Huraira Ziyarat
Alternate transliteration
Abu Hurayra Mausoleum
Translated
زيارت ابو حريره
Translated
Building Usages
mausoleum
funerary
khanqah
religious
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