Zawiyya al-Kaylaniyya
Hama, Syria
The Zawiya al-Kaylaniyya was a zawiya and mosque located on the right (west) bank of the Orontes river in Hama, Syria. It is named after the noble family al-Kaylani, descendents of the founder of the Qadiriyya Sufi order, 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani. The Kaylanis of Hama apparently can trace their liniage back at least to the 14th/8th century AH, when a member of the family, the Shaykh thought to have founded the zawiya. The building took its modern form, however, in the 18th/12th century AH when a descendent rebuit the zawiya and added onto it. The surrounding neighborhood, which included lavish residences built by the same family, became known as al-Kaylaniyya.

The Zawiya al-Kaylaniyya was destroyed in February 1982 during the violent suppression of an anti-Ba'thist uprising against the Hafiz al-Asad.


Sources:

Reilly, James A. A Small town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2002. 

Reilly, James A. "Ḥamā," in Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 04 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org.libproxy.mit.edu/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30235>.

‘Arwānī, Yāsir. “Ḥayy al-Kaylānīyya al-athariyya fī madīnat Ḥamā.” Mudawwanat Yāsir ‘Arwānī. 11 July 2019. https://yaser-arwani.com/2019/07/11

مصادر عربية

ياسر عرواني. "حي الكيلانية الأثرية في مدينة حماة." مدونة ياسر عرواني. تاريخ النشر: 11 يوليو  2019 


Location
Hama, Syria
Images & Videos
Associated Names
Events
destroyed in 1982/1402 AH
originally founded ca. first half 14th/8th c. AH
rebuilt in 1706/1118 AH
Variant Names
Zawiyya al-Kaylaniyya
الزاوية الكيلانية
Original
al-Zawiya al-Kaylaniyya
Transliterated
al-Zawiya al-Kilaniyya
Alternate transliteration
Kaylani Zawiya
Translated
Building Usages
zawiya
religious