During his first campaign in 1519, Babur crossed the Indus river and was struck by the beauty of the Kallar Kahar lake and the Salt Range in the background. The site lies 20 miles (ten kos) north of Bhera and five miles from Malot. It enjoys a good climate, hills, a large lake, peacocks and an abundance of locat trees. Babur described it as a very charming place with good air. He laid out the Bagh-e Safa on the southwest side of the lake. Traces of this garden still exist, including a rock-cut platform (Takht-i Baburi) approached by steps, which was used for sitting.
Source: Court Chronicle, 16th century
-Abdul Rehman, Munazzah Akhtar
The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor (Open in Zotero)
Originally published at: Rehman, Abdul, and Munazzah Akhtar. “Bagh-e Safa.” Middle East Garden Traditions. Dumbarton Oaks, November 18, 2014. https://www.doaks.org/resources/middle-east-garden-traditions/catalogue#b_start=0&c6=Mughal+Gardens. Archived at: https://perma.cc/9W6B-6FJT