Al Muhammadiya Noria
Hamah, Syria

Located near the Bab al Nahr Gate on the Orontes, this waterwheel is the largest of 17 extent waterwheels that carried water from the river to the city. In this case a substantial portion of the aqueduct, approximately 14 arcades, is still standing. It bears an inscription indicating the date of construction and indicating it was built by Aydamar Ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Sayhi al-Turki in 763 AH / 1361 CE in order to carry water to the Great Mosque of Hama.


Sources:


ASME: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2006. “Noria Al-Muhammadiyya Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark.” ASME. https://www.asme.org/wwwasmeorg/media/resourcefiles/aboutasme/who%20we%20are/engineering%20history/landmarks/241-noria-al-muhammadiyya.pdf. Archived at https://perma.cc/ST72-79KL.


Hafian, Waal. n.d. “Norias (Nawa’ir) Of Hama.” Discover Islamic Art - Virtual Museum. Accessed September 5, 2022. https://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=monuments;ISL;sy;Mon01;32;en. Archived at https://perma.cc/MBL7-W5YD.


Hafian, Waal. n.d. “Noria Al-Muhammadiyya (Hama, Syria).” MWNF - Museum with No Frontiers. Accessed September 5, 2022a. https://explore.museumwnf.org/themes/t-1/c-sy/l-185/m-1197/lan-en. Archived at https://perma.cc/4A3Z-TKVG.

Location
Hamah, Syria
Images & Videos
Associated Names
Events
1361 / 763 AH
Style Periods
1250-1517
Dimensions
21 m. diameter
Variant Names
Al Muhammadiya Noria
Noria Al-Muhammadiyya.
Alternate transliteration
Na’ura Al Muhammadiya
Alternate
ناعورة المحمدية
Original
Building Usages
aqueduct
waterworks
waterwheel
waterworks
Materials/Techniques
wood