Masjid Altinbugha al-Maridani
Cairo, Egypt
The Mosque of al-Maridani was built for Amir Altinbugha, the saqi (cup-bearer) and the son-in-law of al-Nasir Muhammad, in 1339-40. It is a hypostyle mosque with marble columns supporting pointed stone arches, and has a domed, nine-bay maqsura in front of the mihrab. The exterior facades are decorated with recessed panels crowned with stalactites. The divergence between the street alignment and the interior, which is oriented towards Mecca, is cleverly overcome by a stepped layout of the exterior.

Marble, stone and stucco are all employed in the courtyard facades. The marble columns, like those of the arcades, support pointed arches whose stone voussoirs are framed with a continuous molding forming a loop above the keystone of each arch. Above these arches is a row of alternating keel-arched niches and medallions. Above each medallion is a lozenge. The niches, medallions, and lozenges are all carved in stucco. A line of stepped crenellation adorned with arabesques carved in stucco runs along the summit of the courtyard facades.

The minaret has an entirely octagonal shaft and is topped by a pavilion consisting of eight slender columns surmounted by a bulb on a muqarnas cornice.

Sources:

'Abd al-Wahhab, Hasan. "'Asr al-Mamalik al-Bahriyya IV." Majallat al-'Imara 4 1-2 (1942): 59-68.

Behrens-Abouseif, Doris. The Minarets of Cairo. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 1985.

Behrens-Abouseif, Doris. Islamic Architecture in Cairo. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1989.

Creswell, K.A.C. "The Evolution of the Minaret with Special Reference to Egypt." Burlington Magazine 48 (1926): 134-140, 252-259, 290-298.

Jarrar, Sabri, András Riedlmayer, and Jeffrey B. Spurr. Resources for the Study of Islamic Architecture. Cambridge, MA: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture, 1994. http://archnet.org/library/documents/one-document.jsp?document_id=6053.

Meinecke, Michael. Die Mamlukische Architektur in Ägypten und Syrien (648/1250 bis 923/1517). Glückstadt: Verlag J. J. Augustin, 1992.
Location
Sekat Al Werdani al-Darb al-Ahmar, Cairo, Egypt
Images & Videos
Documents
Associated Names
Events
1339-1340/740 AH
Style Periods
Mamluk
1250-1517
Dimensions
Site area: 2'975m²
Variant Names
Masjid Altinbugha al-Maridani
Mosque of Altinbugha al-Maridani
Variant
Masjid al-Amir Altinbugha al-Maridani
Variant
Jami' al-Amir Altinbugha al-Maridani
Variant
Altunbugha al Maridani Mosque
Variant
Building Usages
mosque
religious
Related Sites