Zawiyya Zayn al-Din Yusuf
Cairo, Egypt
The mausoleum, prayer hall, and portal of the Zawiya of Shaykh Zayn al-Din Yusuf, who introduced the 'Adawiyya Sufi order into Egypt, were built in 1298 by his followers after his death. It is a rare example of a unit endowed by a patron who was not a member of the ruling class. He was the chief qadi, or judge, under Sultan Qalawun.

The crowning of the portal with a muqarnas hood is the second earliest example of such treatment in Egypt, preceded only by the muqarnas portal of the Madrasa of Baybars I (no longer extant) in 1262-3. It is of a Syrian origin, the earliest example of which is the muqarnas portal of the Madrasa of Shadbakht in Aleppo (1193).

The building was adapted to a cruciform plan probably in 1325, to accommodate the functions of the zawiya. The freestanding portal was added in 1335-6. The inscription is the only extant relic from the Bahri Mamluk period to use the term zawiya. The mihrab of the qibla iwan, which gives the genealogy of Shaykh Zayn al-Din back to the Umayyad caliphs and the Quraysh tribe to which the Prophet Mohammad belonged, is a rare example of a Cairene mihrab bearing a non-Qur'anic inscription. There are only two others bearing such inscriptions - the flat mihrabs of al-Afdal Shahinshah and Sultan Lajin in the Mosque of Ibn Tulun.

The mausoleum is covered by a brick dome whose exterior displays convex ribbing. The inside of this dome has alternating concave and flat ribs, the latter carved with bands of ornament. At the base of the dome each of these flat ribs springs from a niche flanked by engaged colonnettes and surmounted by a fluted shell. These ribs converge in an inscription medallion at the apex of the dome.


'Abd al-Wahhab, Hasan. "'Asr al-Mamalik al-Bahriyya III." Majallat al-'Imara 3 7-8 (1941): 291-300.

Allen, Terry. "The Concept of Regional Style." In Five Essays on Islamic Art, 91-110. [Manchester]: Solipsist Press, 1988.

Blair, Sheila. "Sufi Saints and Shrine Architecture in the Early Fourteenth Century." Muqarnas 7 (1990): 35-49.

Creswell, K.A.C. The Muslim Architecture of Egypt. Hacker Art Books, New York, 1978.

Ibrahim, Laila 'Ali. "The Zawiya of Shaykh Zayn al-Din Yusuf in Cairo." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo 34 (1978).

Jarrar, Sabri, András Riedlmayer, and Jeffrey B. Spurr. Resources for the Study of Islamic Architecture. Cambridge, MA: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture, 1994.

Williams, Caroline. Islamic Monuments in Cairo: The Practical Guide, 121-122. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2002.
Southern Cemetery, Cairo, Egypt
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Associated Names
1298/697-698 AH, renovated 1325/725-726 AH, expanded 1335-1336/736 AH
Style Periods
Variant Names
Zayn al-Din Yusuf Zawiya
Zawiyat Zayn al-Din Yusuf
Building Usages