Mömina Xatun Türbasi
Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan
The Mausoleum of the Mu'mine Khatun is located in Nakhichevan, the capital of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan. It was commissioned by Ildegizid Atabek Jahan Pahlawan (1175-1186) in honor of his first wife, Mu'mine Khatun, and completed in 1186-1187, as indicated on the Kufic style inscriptive plaque above the entrance. Its architect, Adjemi ibn Abubekr (or, Adjemi Nakchivani) also built the nearby mausoleum of Yusuf ibn Kuseyir. Scholars mention that the mausoleum was originally built with a madrasa, and drawings and photographs of the site from the nineteenth century confirm that it existed as part of a religious and educational complex, which is no longer extant.

The mausoleum is a decagonal brick tomb tower, rising to a height of approximately twenty-five meters. It is built above a crypt and sits on a shallow base made of large blocks of red diorite. A flat roof raised on a tapering, decagonal drum covers the slightly pointed inner dome. The main entrance to the edifice faces east, while a secondary one leads to the crypt, whose vault is supported by a massive central pier.

The solid brick walls of the mausoleum are pierced by two small windows facing west, with an additional window above the main entrance. A band of inscription in kufic characters composed of turquoise tiles runs below the muqarnas cornice. The recessed surface of its twelve exterior facets are covered with carved geometric motifs on brick, which are highlighted by turquoise tiles, and set in a rectangular frame that includes a small muqarnas crown. Inside, the burial chamber is circular in plan, with bare walls.

The Mausoleum of Mu'mine Khatun is representative of the Nakhichevan architectural tradition of the medieval era, which was heavily influenced by the works of the Azerbaijani architect Adjemi ibn Kuseyir. The Nakhichevani style differed from the Shirvani styles prevailing in Absheron in its use of brick as the basic construction material and the use of colored, especially turquoise enameled tiles, for decoration.

The mausoleum was most recently restored in 1999-2003, as part of the Azerbaijan Cultural Heritage Support Project of the World Bank.

Sources:

Aslanapa, Oktay. 1979. Kirim ve Kuzey Azerbaycan'da Türk Eserleri. Istanbul: Baha Matbaasi, 19, 67-77.

Ayvazian, Argam. 1988. The Historical Monuments of Nakhichevan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 90-92.

Fatullayev, S.S. and R.S. Babasov. 2005. "Memarliq". Maison d'Azerbaidjan Website. http://www.azmaison.fr/az/index_az.shtml?language=2;section=4;section2=4. [Accessed November 2, 2005]

Gink, Kalory and Ilona Turanszky. 1979. Azerbaijan: Mosques, Turrets, Palaces. Budapest: Corvina Kiado, 29-30.

Michell, George (ed.). 1995. Architecture of the Islamic World: Its History and Social Meaning. London: Thames and Hudson, 259.

"Azerbaijan Cultural Heritage Support Project." World Bank Website. http://web.worldbank.org/external/projects/mainpagePK=64283627
&piPK=64290415&theSitePK=40941&menuPK=228424&Projectid=P058969
. [Accessed October 26, 2005]
Location
Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan
Images & Videos
Events
1186-87/582 AH
Style Periods
Variant Names
Mömina Xatun Türbasi
Mu'mine Khatun Mausoleum
Variant
Möminexatun Türbesi
Variant
Mümine Xatun Maqbarasi
Variant
Momine Xatun Meqberesi
Variant
Building Usages
mausoleum
funerary