Jami' al-Maqamat
Aleppo, Syria

The Jami’ al-Maqamat was formerly known as the Mausoleum or Ribat of Qarasunqur but took on the new name at a later date because of its location in the heart of the Maqamat neighborhood, located just south of the medieval city walls through Bab al-Maqam and just west of the Madrasa al-Kamiliyya. The mosque was originally built as a funerary complex for Shams al-Din Qarasunqur I, the governor of Aleppo (d. 1309/709 AH), and included a prayer hall, tomb chambers and a public fountain (sabil). It is tentatively dated to 1303/703 AH by an inscription that appears along with a Mamluk blazon above the fountain.1

The complex is a rectangular building centered on a large square courtyard with a rectangular sanctuary, slightly narrower than the main complex, attached to its south end. One enters from the north through a portal in the form of an iwan surmounted by a minaret, much like the Ayyubid Madrasa al-Sultaniyya, constructed just decades before. This entrance portal is flanked on either side by rectangular rooms and gives onto a three arched portico which forms the north side of the building’s central courtyard.

On the south side of the courtyard, a nearly identical triple arched portico gave onto the prayer hall. The arches of this portico were filled in at some point in the twentieth century. The prayer hall consists of a central bay and two side bays, the central space surmounted by dome resting on a dodecagonal base. The mihrab is located in the central bay while two cenotaphs occupy the two side bays.


Notes:

  1. Herzfeld, Alep, inscr. 170.

Sources:

Gaube, Heins, and Eugin Wirth. Aleppo: Historische Und Geographische Beiträge Zur Baulichen Gestaltung, Zur Sozialen Organisation Und Zur Wirtschaftlichen Dynamik Einer Vorderasiatischen Fernhandelsmetropole, 411, no. 658. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert, 1984.

Herzfeld, Ernst. Matériaux Pour Un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. Part 2: Syrie Du Nord. Inscriptions et Monuments d’Alep, vol. 1, pt. 2, pages 321–322. Cairo: Institut Français d’archéologie orientale, 1954.

Meinecke, Michael. Die Mamlukische Architektur in Ägypten Und Syrien (658/1250 Bis 923/1517), 2:96, cat. 9B/42. Glückstadt: J. J. Augustin, 1992.

Geonames URI: http://sws.geonames.org/10110730/
Location
Bab al-Maqam, Aleppo, Syria
Images & Videos
Associated Names
Events
1303/703 AH
Style Periods
1250-1517
Variant Names
جامع المقامات
Original
Jami' al-Maqamat
Transliterated
Maqamat Mosque
Translated
جامع قراسنقر الكبير
Alternate
Jami' Qarasunqur al-Kabir
Transliterated
Building Usages
mosque
religious