Bab Bu Jallud
Fes, Morocco
Bab Bu Jallud is a 1913 monumental gateway with triple openings, and is located within the fortifications of Fez, serving as the main connection between Fez al-Bali and Fez Jedid. It is located along what used to be one of the most utilized roads in Fez, around which fondouk-carvanserais (animal sheds / warehouses) were grouped.

This road connects Bab Mahrouk and the exterior walls of the medina to Tal'aa Kebira, past the two monumental hexagonal towers framing Bab Filala to the west and the wide empty space to the east. The gate is aligned along the northwest-southeast axis, perpendicular to the Tal'aa Kebira road. To the west of the gate is the Qasbah Bu Jallud, to its east is Fez al-Bali, and to the north is the Qasbah Filala.

Bab Bu Jallud is approximately 15 meters wide and 4 meters deep, formed by a sandwich of two walls enclosing a hollowed-out space. To close the openings of the gate, large wooden doors rotate 90 degrees outwards from within these two walls. All three openings are horseshoe arches, consisting of a larger central one flanked by two smaller openings, which are themselves flanked by two blind horseshoe arched windows located at the ends of the gate. The walls on either sides of the gateway step down to connect to the shorter walls of Fez al-Bali. Restaurants and souks abut the walls leading up to the gate from the exterior. Upon approach, one can see two minarets framed by the openings in the portal. The larger minaret is that of Bu 'Inaniyya Madrasa, and the smaller one that of Mosque Sidi Lezzaz.

The two walls of the portal are richly decorated. The arches are bordered with tripled scalloped edges, which are framed with zilij (glazed tiles typical of north African architecture, generally colored yellow, blue, green and turquoise, and used in mosaics) painted with floral motifs. A decorative blind arched window above each of the two smaller arched openings is also decorated with zilij. The portal elevation that faces the exterior of Fez al-Bali is faced with blue tiles, while the one that faces the interior of the medina is faced with green tiles. A geometric lozenge pattern then frames these tiles. At each end of the portal have been placed two non-structural columns, which are dwarfed by the massiveness of the portal. Finally, the whole gateway is capped by crenellations.

The construction of the portal in 1913 took over the functions of an ancient gateway, located to the west of the present Bab Bu Jallud. The older door has been described as a simple door which used to be the only way to access the medina from Fez Jedid. Recent descriptions of the present-day medina do not indicate whether the ancient door is still extant.

Sources:

Aoustin, Jean and Brignon, Jean. Découverte de Fès. Rabat : Edition La Porte, 67.

Gaudio, Attilio. 1982. Fès, Joyau de la Civilisation Islamique. Paris: Presses de l'Unesco, 40.

Le Tourneau, Roger. c1949. Fès Avant le Protectorat. Casablanca: Publications de l'Institut des hautes études Marocaines, 110, 123, 149, 191.



Location
along Tal'aa Kebira Road, leading from Bab Mahrouk and the exterior walls of the medina to Tal'aa Kebira (the main entrance to Fez al-Bali from Fez Jedid), Fes, Morocco
Images & Videos
Associated Names
Associated Collections
Events
1913
Style Periods
Variant Names
Bab Bu Jallud
Bab Bou Jeloud
Alternate transliteration
Bab Boujeloud
Alternate transliteration
Bab Bojloud
Alternate transliteration
Porte des Francais
Formerly known as
Building Usages
gate
military