Complex at Pasargadae
Pasargadae, Iran
Pasargadae is the deserted capital of the Achaemenid Persians, founded ca 550 BCE by Cyrus the Great (reg. 559-530 BCE).

Principal structures include the tomb of Cyrus, the Zendan-i Suleyman, the Tall-i Takht, an open-air enclosed prayer area, a palace complex with a gatehouse (Gate R, also called Palace R or Palace with the Relief), Palace P, from Herzfeld's "Palast mit der Pfeiler," or Palace with the (gateway) Pillar, and Palace S (Herzfeld's "Palast mit der Saule," or Palace with the Column). These structures, placed at a distance from one another, were once linked by a set of gardens. It is possible that Pasargadae represents the first appearance of the chahar bagh garden.

Sources:

Kawami, Trudy S. "Pasargadae." In Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online, http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T065622. [Accessed October 19, 2010]

Stronach, David and Hilary Gopnik. "Pasargadae." Enyclopedia Iranica, Online Edition, 20 July 2009, available at http://www.iranica.com/articles/pasargadae. [Accessed October 19, 2010]

Additional resources:

"Aerial Survey Flights." [Photographs in Iran, including Pasargadae, 1935-37, by Erich F. Schmidt and Boris Dubensky] Oriental Institute Photographic Archives. http://oi.uchicago.edu/museum/collections/pa/persepolis/surveys.html.

"Pasargadae." UNESCO World Heritage Centre. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1106/. [Accessed October 19, 2010]
Location
Pasargadae, Iran
Images & Videos
Events
ca. 550 BCE
Style Periods
Variant Names
Complex at Pasargadae
Royal Residence of Cyrus
Variant
Tomb of Cyrus
Variant
Palace Complex at Pasargadae
Variant
Tomb of Solomon
Variant
Building Usages
palace
palatial
gate
military
symbolic structure
public monuments
tomb
funerary
prayer space
religious