Grand National Assembly Mosque
Ankara, Turkey
Aga Khan Award Winner
Recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1995.

The National Assembly is located in the central part of Ankara. The institution's new mosque, positioned on the main axis of the complex at its outermost tip, is for the exclusive use of members of parliament, and ministerial and administrative staff. The mosque is composed of a triangular forecourt, and a rectangular prayer hall overlooking a large, triangular, terraced garden and pool. Of particular interest to the jury was the manner in which elements from traditional mosque architecture have been abstracted and fragmented. Instead of a full courtyard with porticoes, for example, the architects have cut the courtyard in half along a diagonal line connecting the southern and northern corners. Bordering the courtyard porticoes, and taking their place within the structural module, are column bases without shafts or capitals, intended as echoes of traditional sheltered promenades. Other consciously incomplete references to the past include the truncated minaret, and the stepped pyramidal roof in place of the expected dome. The qibla wall opens onto the terraced garden, and this unorthodox arrangement completely transforms the act of prayer. The customary orientation of the qibla wall and mihrab toward Mecca is maintained, but by conceiving these elements in glass, with a landscaped garden beyond, worshipers are brought closer to nature. By means of these design strategies, the mosque acknowledges its secular environment while enhancing the acts of prayer and devotion that are essential to Islam. The jury believes that this new centre for worship is an important step in the development of a suitable architectural vocabulary for the design of contemporary mosques.

Source: Aga Khan Trust for Culture
Ankara, Turkey
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Completed 1989
Ground floor area: 950 m²; total site area: 16,000 m²
Variant Names
Mosque of the National Assembly
Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Camii
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