Awrangzib, Mughal Emperor of India
1618-1701/1027-1118 AH (r. 1658-1707/1068-1118 AH)
India
Abu al-Muzaffar Muhammad Muhyi al-Din Awrangzib was the sixth Mughal emperor. He was one of four sons of Shah Jahan who vied for the throne, ultimately jailing his father, defeating two brothers in battle, and having his eldest brother Dara Shikuh executed publicly. He ascended to power in 1658/1068 AH, ten years before his father's natural death, and took the title Alamgir ("World-Seizer"). After his death he was given the epithet khuld-makani ("resident of paradise").

Awrangzib is described by early-Modern historians as deeply committed to the Muslim faith and as an ascetic. He is thus credited with ushering in a period of religious conservatism at the Mughal court during his long reign of fifty years. 

Sources:

Irvine, W. and Mohammad Habib. “Awrangzīb.” Encyclopedia of Islam, Second Edition, 2012. 

Lane-Poole, Stanley. Aurangzib. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1893.
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Variant Names
Awrangzib, Mughal Emperor of India
ابو المظفر محيي الدين محمد اورنگزیب عالمگیر پدشاه
Original
Abu al-Muzaffar Muyhi al-Din Muhammad Awrangzib Alamgir Padishah
Transliterated
اورنگزیب
Variant
Awrangzib
Transliterated
Aurangzib, Emperor of Hindustan
Translated
Aurangzeb
Alternate transliteration
Aurang Zeb
Alternate transliteration
Aurangseb
Alternate transliteration
عالمگیر
Alternate
Alamgir
Transliterated
ابو المظفر
Alternate
Abu al-Muzaffar
Transliterated
Abu'l-Muzaffar
Alternate transliteration
محيي الدين
Alternate
Muhyi al-Din
Transliterated
Muhiuddin
Alternate transliteration
Muyhi'l-Din
Alternate transliteration
خلد مكاني
Alternate
Khuld-Makani
Transliterated
Khuld Makan
Alternate transliteration