Hisham ibn ʻAbd al-Malik, Umayyad Caliph
691-743/72-125 AH, r. 724-743/105-125 AH
Syria
Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik was the tenth caliph of the Umayyads, the first hereditary dynasty of Islam. Born in 691/72 AH in Damascus, Hisham was the fourth son of 'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan to reign, after al-Walid, Sulayman and Yazid. He reigned for nearly twenty years, from 724/105 AH to 743/125 AH.

Hisham is credited with the construction of a number of the Umayyad qusur: rural compounds ranging in form from palaces to small towns. Included as part of his patronage are Qasr al-Hayr al-GharbiQasr al-Hayr al-SharqiKhirbat al-Mafjar, and the mosque at Rusafa.

Sources:

Gabrieli, F. "Hisham." Encyclopedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, and W.P. Heinrichs. 
(accessed August 9, 2017).
Associated Sites
Variant Names
Hisham ibn ʻAbd al-Malik, Umayyad Caliph
هشام بن عبد الملك
Original
Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Malik
Transliterated
Hisham b. 'Abd al-Malik
Alternate transliteration
Umayyad Caliph Hisham
Translated
Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Malik, Caliph, 691-743
Translated