The palace complex of Khirbat al-Mafjar, built by Caliph Hisham in the Jordan valley close to Jericho, was surrounded by cultivated lands and orchards. An aqueduct brought water to the complex. Beside the residence, there was a mosque and a bath with a large audience hall. In front of all these buildings, there was a garden area with a central pavilion with a very singular plan.
The palace was destroyed by the earthquake of 749.
Source: Archaeological Analysis, 20th century
-Antonio Almagro, D. Fairchild Ruggles
Khirbat al-Mafjar, an Arab Mansion in the Jordan Valley (Open in Zotero)
Early Muslim Architecture (Open in Zotero)
Originally published at: Almagro, Antonio, and D. Fairchild Ruggles. “Khirbat al-Mafjar.” Middle East Garden Traditions. Dumbarton Oaks, November 18, 2014. https://www.doaks.org/resources/middle-east-garden-traditions/catalogue#b_start=0&c6=Early+Islamic+Gardens+of+Greater+Syria. Archived at: https://perma.cc/7ZVW-NFSZ