Jami' Tankiz
Damascus, Syria
Sayf al-Din Tankiz, Mamluk governor of Syria, built the mosque known by his name in 1317/717 AH, along with the adjoining mausoleum. The site on the small square off Suq al-Khayyatin opposite the Ayyubid qilijiyya was previously occupied by a church dedicated to Saint Nicholas, of which some columns and capitals are incorporated into the Mamluk structure.

The mosque is composed of a prayer hall, preceded by a courtyard with a minaret. The prayer hall has three aisles formed by two rows of arches carried on Byzantine porphyry columns. A variety of Byzantine and muqarnas capitals crown the columns, whose pedestals are now buried under the floor surface. The flat roof is supported on the arcades and on the wooden beams that transverse them. Centered on the southern qibla wall is the mihrab, marked with a horseshoe arch. Its niche is covered with glass mosaics depicting a chalice and framed with decorative bands added over different periods.

The qibla wall gives onto Jamal Pasha Street, while the northern wall of the prayer hall opens out to the courtyard, under which flows the Banyas River. A colonnade of round columns and square pilasters envelops the courtyard on three sides. A single octagonal minaret of ashlar stones rises along the northern wall of the courtyard. It has been restored several times and has a new crown.

An inscription on the southern wall attributes a restoration in 1367 to Mamluk sultan Ali Majd, an unknown figure, considering that Sultan Ashraf Sha'ban was in power at that time. Extensive repairs are also known to have been initiated by Sultan al-Zahir Barqiyaruk. Ibrahim Pasha converted the complex into an Ottoman barracks and military school in 1832. Neglected since the latest restorations in 1932, this prominent Mamluk complex is almost completely destroyed today, with the exception of its grand gates, mausoleum and minaret.

Sources:

"Tengiz Mosque". Syrian Tours Website. http://www.syriantours.net/Arch_Details.asp?AcrID=116. [Accessed August 1, 2005; inaccessible November 14, 2013].

El-Hage, Badr. Des Photographes à Damas 1840-1918, 115-119. Paris: Marvel, 2000.

Keenan, Brigid. Damascus, Hidden Treasures of the Old City, 45. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2000.

Meinecke, Michael. Die Mamlukische Architektur in Ägypten und Syrien (648/1250 bis 923/1517), II, 120, 181. Glückstadt: Verlag J. J. Augustin, 1992.

Rihawi, Abdul Qader. Arabic Islamic Architecture: Its Characteristics and Traces in Syria, 169. Damascus: Publications of the Ministry of Culture and National Leadership, 1979.

Wulzinger, Karl and Carl Watzinger. Al-Athar al-Islamiyah fi Madinat Dimashq, 110-111. Damascus: [S.l.], 1984.


المصادر العربية

عبد القادر بدران الدمشقي. منادمة الاطلال ومسامرة الخيال. دمشق: المكتب الاسلامي للطيباعة والنشر, 1960. ص 68

Location
Shari' Jamal Basha, Damascus, Syria
Images & Videos
Associated Names
Events
1317/717 AH
Style Periods
1250-1517
Variant Names
جامع تنكز
Original
Jami' Tankiz
Transliterated
Tankiz Mosque
Translated
Jami' wa-Qubba Tankiz
Transliterated
جامع وقبة تنكز
Alternate
Building Usages
mausoleum
funerary
mosque
religious