Nur Jahan, Mughal Empress
1577-1645/985-1055 AH
India
Nur Jahan was the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Her name was Mihr al-Nisa' and the title Nur Jahan was given to her as an honorific name during his reign. 

She is known as having been a powerful woman and leader, governing the country in the name of her husband. In addition to her prowess as a ruler, she was well versed in literature and is remembered for being fashionable. She outlived her husband by fourteen years but did not retain much political clout after his death, as she failed in an attempt to install her candidate, a son-in-law, as successor to Jahangir.

Sources:

Davies, C. C. "Nūr D̲j̲ahān." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, and W. P. Heinrichs. 


Associated Sites
Variant Names
Nur Jahan, Mughal Empress
نور جهان پادشاه بگم
Original
Nur Jahan Padishah Begam
Transliterated
Nur Jahan Padshah Begum
Alternate transliteration
Nur Jahan, Empress, consort of Jahangir, Emperor of Hindustan
Variant
نور جهان
Variant
Nur Jahan
Transliterated
Nur Jehan
Alternate transliteration
Nur Djahan
Alternate transliteration
Noor Jahan
Alternate transliteration
مهر النساء
Formerly known as
Mihr al-Nisāʼ
Transliterated
Mehr-un-Nisa'
Alternate transliteration